Disease Information for Trigeminal neuralgia

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Clinical Manifestations
Signs & Symptoms
Cheek Pain/Tenderness
Face Pain
Facial Dysesthesias Paresthesias
Facial grimacing
Numbness of face
Pain/temple area
Paroxysm of facial pain
Triggered sharp/severe facial pain
Unilateral facial pain
Wincing facial expression
Excess salivation/hypersalivation
Jaw Pain
Sialorrhea/Ptyalism
Toothache
Aerophobia/Blowing in face/reaction/sign
Attacks, neurologic, recurrent, varied
Cranial nerve abnormalities/involvement/signs
Headache
Headache from Cranial Neuralgias
Neuralgia Headache Syndrome
Neuropathic Epicritic Pain
Trigeminal nerve distribution pain
Unilateral facial dysesthesias
Depressed/discouraged/sad
Painful frontal sinus
Painful maxillary sinus
Triggered throat pain/swallowing/chewing
Apparently well Silent disorder possible
Covers face/unilateral defensive posture
Episodic symptoms/events
Neuralgia type pain/stabbing
Pain attacks/with triggers
Patient avoids/chewing pain trigger
Patient demoralized/depressed/fearful
Patient in severe pain
Patient protects/facial pain triggers
Eye Pain, Unilateral
Eye Pains, Bilateral
Eyebrow Pain
Earache
Referred ear Pain Otalgia
Disease Progression
Course/Attacks Episodic Spells
Course/Chronic disorder
Course/Chronic only
Course/Paroxysmal
Course/Progressive
Onset/Acute
Demographics & Risk Factors
Population Group
Middle Age Adult
Woman
Sex & Age Groups
Population/Adult Aged Only
Population/Adult/all
Population/Female
Population/Fifties adult
Population/Male
Population/Middle-aged adult
Population/Woman patient
Associated Diseases & Rule outs
Rule Outs
Acoustic neuritis/neuronitis
Atypical facial pain
Cluster/migraine headache syndrome
Sinusitis
Sprained neck/Whiplash
Associated Disease & Complications
Depression
Depression, reactive
Painful neuropathy
Trigeminal neuralgia
Disease Mechanism & Classification
Class
CLASS/Facial area manifestation/disorder (ex)
CLASS/Neurologic (category)
CLASS/Peripheral nerve disease (ex)
Process
PROCESS/Episodic disorder (ex)
PROCESS/Vegetative-Autonomic/Endocrine (category)
Synonyms
Synonym
cranial nerve neuralgia fifth or trigeminal, Disease Fothergill, douloureux tic, Epileptiform Neuralgia, Epileptiform Neuralgias, FOTHERGILL DIS, FOTHERGILL DISEASE, Fothergill neuralgia, Fothergill trigeminal neuralgia, Fothergill's neuralgia, neuralgia cranial nerve fifth or trigeminal, Neuralgia Epileptiform, neuralgia Fothergill, neuralgia trifacial, neuralgia trigeminal, Neuralgias Epileptiform, Neuralgias Trifacial, Neuralgias Trigeminal, pain trigeminal, Tic doloreux, Tic Doloureux, Tic Douleureux, tic douloureux, TN Trigeminal neuralgia, trifacial neuralgia, Trifacial Neuralgias, trifocal neuralgia, trigeminal neuralgia, Trigeminal neuralgia (disorder), Trigeminal neuralgia (no drugs here), Trigeminal neuralgia (no drugs here) (disorder), trigeminal neuralgia Fothergill, Trigeminal neuralgia syndrome, Trigeminal Neuralgias, trigeminal pain, Trigeminus neuralgia, Synonym/Fothergill disease, Synonym/Neuralgia, trigeminal, Synonym/Tic douloreaux
Treatment
Drug Therapy - Indication
RX/Carbamazepine (Tegretol)
RX/Phenytoin
SX/Radiofrequency rhizotomy/trigeminal nerve root
Definition

A syndrome characterized by recurrent episodes of excruciating pain lasting several seconds or longer in the sensory distribution of the trigeminal nerve. Pain may be initiated by stimulation of trigger points on the face, lips, or gums or by movement of facial muscles or chewing. Associated conditions include MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, vascular anomalies, ANEURSYMS, and neoplasms. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p187)

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External Links Related to Trigeminal neuralgia
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PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
NGC (National Guideline Clearinghouse)
Medscape (eMedicine)
Harrison's Online (accessmedicine)
NEJM (The New England Journal of Medicine)
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