Disease Information for Toxic megacolon

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Clinical Manifestations
Signs & Symptoms
Capillary Refill Time/CRT Abnormal
Low Blood Pressure
Signs of Poor Perfusion
Tachycardia/Fast heart rate
Abdominal bloating
Abdominal Bloating in Elderly
Abdominal Distension
Abdominal Distension in Children
Abdominal distension/protrusion/sign
Abdominal Distention
Abdominal Mass
Abdominal Mass in Children
Abdominal Mass in Elderly
Abdominal Pain
Abdominal Rigidity
Acute abdomen
Hematochezia/Blood per Rectum
Increased abdominal girth/Potbelly
Protruberant Abdomen
Rigid Abdomen in Children
Rigid Abdomen in Elderly
Severe abdominal pain
Acutely ill patient/signs
Fever
Fever Febrile Possible
Flu-Like Syndrome
High body temperature
Malaise
Mucous membrane pallor
Disease Progression
Course/Acute
Course/Acute only
Demographics & Risk Factors
Established Disease Population
Patient/Amebiasis/colitis
Patient/Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Patient/Ulcerative colitis
Laboratory Tests
Microbiology & Serology Findings
Stool Microscopic polys present
Abnormal Lab Findings (Non Measured)
Acute inflammatory markers elevated (Lab)
Abnormal Lab Findings - Increased
WBC
Hemoglobin (Lab)
WBC/White Blood Cell Count/Leukocytes (Lab)
Diagnostic Test Results
X-RAY
Xray/Abdominal film abnormalities/ABD/KUB
Xray/Colon dilated/severely air filled/ABD
Xray/Dilated colon loops/ABD
Xray/Dilated intestinal loops/ABD
Xray/Free air peritoneum/ABD
Xray/Large air shadow/ABD
X-RAY With contrast
BE/Air in colon wall (Xray)
BE/Colon distended not obstructed (Xray)
BE/Megacolon
Associated Diseases & Rule outs
Rule Outs
Peritonitis. acute
Associated Disease & Complications
Anemia
Electrolyte imbalance
Hypotension
Hypovolemia
Hypovolemic shock
Intestinal/Bowel Obstruction in Elderly
Intestinal/bowel obstruction
Leukocytosis
Peritonitis. acute
Pneumoperitoneum
Shock
Disease Mechanism & Classification
Class
CLASS/Intestinal/stomach/gut (category)
Pathophysiology
Pathophysiology/Blood volume/decrease/low
Process
PROCESS/Allergy/collagen/autoimmune (category)
PROCESS/Infected organ/abscess (category)
Treatment
Drug Therapy - Indication
RX/Hydration/fluids/IV
SX/Colectomy
SX/Laparotomy
Definition

Acute dilatation of the colon associated with amebic or ulcerative colitis. The dilatation may precede perforation of the colon. (Dorland, 27th ed)

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External Links Related to Toxic megacolon
Google
Wikipedia
Merck
Images
PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
NGC (National Guideline Clearinghouse)
Medscape (eMedicine)
Harrison's Online (accessmedicine)
NEJM (The New England Journal of Medicine)
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