Disease Information for Tension pneumothorax

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Clinical Manifestations
Signs & Symptoms
PMI Displaced Lateral
Apical heart impulse/medial displacement
Beck's triad Hypotension Heart sounds faint JVD)
Chest Pain
Chest pain, substernal/midline
Cyanosis
Dilated arm veins/bilateral
Distended neck veins
Epigastric apical impulse
Falling blood pressure/progessive/signs
Heart size/percussion decreased
Jugular veins distended/30 degrees upright
Jugular Veins Increased Volume
Jugular Venous Distension
Jugular venous pressure increased
Kussmaul Positive/Pulses Paradoxicus Negative
Kussmaul venous pressure/Increases on inspiration/paradox
Left heart border/displaced left/percussion
Low Blood Pressure
Muffled heart sounds
Non-Pleuritic Chest Pain
Quiet heart/soft sounds/distant
Tachycardia/Fast heart rate
Crepitus, subcutaneous
Liver low position
Chest pain, sharp, lateral
Chest pain/non-cardiac
Cyanosis Child
Dyspnea
Hyper-resonant chest/overinflated
Intercostal spaces filled out
Localized decreased breath sounds
Painful cough
Pleuritic chest pain
Rapid Breathing
Shortness of breath/SOB
Sudden onset dyspnea
Supraclavicular air/subcutaneous sign
Tachypnea/Increased respiratory rate
Unilateral Absent Breath Sounds
Tracheal deviation/shift
Acutely ill patient/signs
Apprehensive patient/sign
Disease Progression
Course/Acute
Course/Acute only
Course/Catastrophic presentation/onset
Demographics & Risk Factors
Established Disease Population
Patient/Blast injury survivor
Laboratory Tests
Abnormal Lab Findings - Decreased
pO2, arterial blood (Lab)
Diagnostic Test Results
Other Tests & Procedures
Heart cath/RV diastolic Filling Square Root sign
EKG (ECG)
EKG/Low voltage all leads (ECG)
EKG/Pseudoinfarction pattern/Q Waves/atypical (ECG)
EKG/Pulseless electrical activity (ECG)
X-RAY
Fluoroscopy/Cardiac/Chest abnormal
Xray/Chest abnormal
Xray/Heart position/abnormal/Chest
Xray/Atelectasis/Chest
Xray/Chest/Lung fields/Abnormal
Xray/Hyperinflated lung/Chest
Xray/Lung collapse/Chest
Xray/Mediastinal shift/Chest
Ultrasound
Echo/Distended IVC/Vena cava
Echo/Normal IVC collapse absent
Ultrasound/IVC Fails Collapse on Inspiration
Associated Diseases & Rule outs
Rule Outs
Tamponade, cardiac/pericardial
Associated Disease & Complications
Acidosis, respiratory
Atelectasis, pulmonary
Cardiac arrest
Death/Unanticipated
Electromechanical dissociation/cardiac
Emphysema, subcutaneous
Hypercapnea Hypercarbia
Hypotension
Intrathoracic pressure increased/Physiology/effect
Atelectasis in Child
Disease Mechanism & Classification
Class
CLASS/Lung Disorder (ex)
CLASS/Pleural disorder (ex)
CLASS/Pulmonic (category)
Pathophysiology
Pathophysiology/High cardiac filling pressures/venous return
Pathophysiology/Breathing Workload
Pathophysiology/Lung Ventilation Mechanics
Process
PROCESS/Structural/anatomic/foreign body (category)
Treatment
Other Treatments
TX/Intensive care management
Definition
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External Links Related to Tension pneumothorax
Google
Wikipedia
Merck
Images
PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
NGC (National Guideline Clearinghouse)
Medscape (eMedicine)
Harrison's Online (accessmedicine)
NEJM (The New England Journal of Medicine)
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