Disease Information for Syncope

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Clinical Manifestations
Signs & Symptoms
Ashen look
Cardiac Symptoms/Signs
Dizzy on Standing/Giddy Response
Inadequate reflex heart rate increase/standing/sign
Low Blood Pressure
Orthostatic drop in blood pressure
Slow pulse/Bradycardia
Sudden pallor
Cold clammy skin
Diaphoresis profuse/active sweating/acute
Excess Sweating Children
Sweating Excess Perspiration
Sweating palms
Altered mental status Mental status change
Apathy/Indifference
Confusion/agitation on exam
Confusion/Disoriented
Dizziness/Dizzy
Drop attacks
Lightheadedness/giddyness/spacey
Numbness/distal fingers and toes
Seizures
Sudden unconsciousness
Symptomatic Apparent Seizure
Symptomatic Seizure
Vertigo
Sighing
Cold clammy pale status
Collapse/Prostration
Falling
Falling/in the elderly/complaint
Listlessness/lassitude
Pale with profuse sweating
Pallor
Restlessness/Anxiousness
Vasovagal activation/parasympathetic tone/Signs
Weakness
Weakness/wooziness/standing quickly
Acute Bilateral Vision Loss
Blurred Cloudy Vision
Dimming vision/acute
Visual symptoms
Clinical Presentation & Variations
Presentation/Pallid Syncope Child
Presentation/Shock Normal Heart Rate
Disease Progression
Course/Paroxysmal
Course/Usually/No complications
Demographics & Risk Factors
Established Disease Population
Patient/Anorexia nervosa
Patient/Trauma effect/occult injury
Patient/Aortic stenosis
Patient/Mitral valve prolapse
Patient/Addisons/hypoadrenocorticism
Patient/Anemia
Patient/Migraine headache/Migraineurs
Diagnostic Test Results
EKG (ECG)
EKG/Sinus bradycardia (ECG)
Associated Diseases & Rule outs
Rule Outs
Anaphylaxis, generalized
Anemia
Carotid sinus syncope/sensitivity
Cerebral vascular accident
Convulsions (grand mal)
Epilepsy
Partial complex seizure
Petit mal seizure disorder
Seizure disorder (epilepsy)
Associated Disease & Complications
Aspiration
Concussion
Falls/trauma
Fractures, general
Hypotension
Recurrent bone fractures
Sinus bradycardia
Subdural hematoma
Syncope, vasovagal
Syncope/Fainting
Disease Synergy - Causes
Synergy/Head trauma
Disease Mechanism & Classification
Pathophysiology
Pathophysiology/CNS-Systemic Vertigo
Treatment
Drug Therapy - Indication
RX/Ammonia/smelling salts
Other Treatments
TX/Position patient/Head low
Definition

A transient loss of consciousness and postural tone caused by diminished blood flow to the brain (i.e., BRAIN ISCHEMIA). Presyncope refers to the sensation of lightheadedness and loss of strength that precedes a syncopal event or accompanies an incomplete syncope. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp367-9)

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External Links Related to Syncope
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Wikipedia
Merck
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PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
NGC (National Guideline Clearinghouse)
Medscape (eMedicine)
Harrison's Online (accessmedicine)
NEJM (The New England Journal of Medicine)
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