Disease Information for Spina bifida

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Clinical Manifestations
Signs & Symptoms
Anal sphincter/loss of tone/reflex
Bowel/Stool Incontinence
Constipation Children
Fecal Soiling in a Child
Delay Sitting Unsupported Infant
Rolling Over Delay Infant
Anesthetic hypesthetic limbs/areas
Ankle reflexes absent
Delayed walking milestone/child
Development Motor Skills (Milestones) Delayed
Developmental milestones delayed
Placing reflex/infant abnormal
Stepping reflex/Infant abnormal
Spine pain/vertebral skeletal pain
Bed wetting
Poor Bladder Emptying in Children
Poor Bladder Emptying in Elderly
Clinical Presentation & Variations
Presentation/Pregnancy High Alpha Fetoprotein levels
Disease Progression
Course/Chronic disorder
Course/Chronic only
Demographics & Risk Factors
Population Group
Child
Population/Pediatrics population
Sex & Age Groups
Population/Child
Population/Child-Infant Only
Population/Children/all
Laboratory Tests
Abnormal Lab Findings (Non Measured)
Maternal MSAFP/Quad test (Inhibin A/HG/UE3/AFP)
Maternal triple test (APF/HG/Estriol) abnormal (labs)
Abnormal Lab Findings - Increased
Alpha Fetoprotein, serum (Lab)
Maternal AFP levels
Diagnostic Test Results
Other Tests & Procedures
Amniocentesis/Abnormality
X-RAY
Xray/Spine Abnormal
Associated Diseases & Rule outs
Associated Disease & Complications
Anal Incontinence
Bladder, neurogenic uninhibited
Charcot neuroarthropathic joint
Constipation
Encopresis/childhood
Eneuresis Bed Wetting
Neurogenic bladder/cord
Pes cavus/High Arched Foot
Polyhydramnios/Hydramnios
Toe Ulcer
Acute Urinary Retention
Disease Mechanism & Classification
Class
CLASS/Midline structures/disorders (ex)
CLASS/Neurologic (category)
CLASS/Axial skeletal involvement/disorder (ex)
CLASS/Skeletal (category)
CLASS/Vertebra/Spine disorder (ex)
Pathophysiology
Pathophysiology/Dysraphia/congenital anomaly
Pathophysiology/Multifactoral inheritance/multigenetic
Process
PROCESS/Congenital/developmental (category)
PROCESS/Anomalies/Deformities/Malformations (EX)
PROCESS/Congenital CNS disorder (ex)
Definition

Birth defect involving inadequate closure of the bony casement of the spinal cord, through which the spinal membranes, with or without spinal cord tissue, may protrude.

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External Links Related to Spina bifida
Google
Wikipedia
Merck
Images
PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
NGC (National Guideline Clearinghouse)
Medscape (eMedicine)
Harrison's Online (accessmedicine)
NEJM (The New England Journal of Medicine)
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