Disease Information for Pneumomediastinum

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Clinical Manifestations
Signs & Symptoms
Neck subcutaneous emphysema
Abnormal Heart Sounds
Abnormal Heart Sounds/Child
Chest Pain
Crepitant rales in mediastinum
Extracardiac sound
Heart sounds loud/heard across the room
Systolic crunch/mediastinal air (Hammans)
Chest pain/non-cardiac
Inspiratory central chest pain
Painful cough
Pleuritic chest pain
Diagnostic Test Results
CT Scan
CT Scan/Mediastinal Abnormality/Chest
X-RAY
Fluoroscopy/Cardiac/Chest abnormal
Xray/Chest abnormal
Xray/Abdominal film abnormalities/ABD/KUB
Xray/Abdominal free air/no peritonitis/ABD
Xray/Air shadow along aortic arch/Chest
Xray/Air shadow below heart above diaphragm/Chest
Xray/Chest/Lung fields/Abnormal
Xray/Mediastinum abnormailty
Xray/Subcutaneous free air/Chest
Xray/Wide mediastinum/Chest
Associated Diseases & Rule outs
Associated Disease & Complications
Pneumomediastinum
Disease Mechanism & Classification
Class
CLASS/Mediastinal involvement/disorder (ex)
CLASS/Pulmonic (category)
CLASS/Tracheonasal/larynx/pharynx (category)
Pathophysiology
Pathophysiology/Free air in chest/status
Process
PROCESS/Structural/anatomic/foreign body (category)
Definition

Presence of air in the mediastinal tissues due to leakage of air from the tracheobronchial tree, usually as a result of trauma.

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External Links Related to Pneumomediastinum
Google
Wikipedia
Merck
Images
PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
NGC (National Guideline Clearinghouse)
Medscape (eMedicine)
Harrison's Online (accessmedicine)
NEJM (The New England Journal of Medicine)
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