Disease Information for Paraldehyde (Paral) Administration/Toxicity

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Clinical Manifestations
Signs & Symptoms
Low Blood Pressure
Tachycardia/Fast heart rate
Breath fruity smell
Characteristic breath odor
Acute ataxia
Intoxicated state/ataxia/slurred speech
Slurred Speech/Acute
Staggering Gait
Unconscious/Narcosis status
Bronchospasm signs
Cough
Shallow breathing
Shortness of breath/SOB
Wheezing
Acutely ill patient/signs
Characteristic odor/body/fluids/urine
Intoxication/overdose syndrome
Disease Progression
Course/Acute
Laboratory Tests
Microbiology & Serology Findings
Stool Microscopic polys present
Abnormal Lab Findings (Non Measured)
URINE Particular Odor
Abnormal Lab Findings - Decreased
PCO2, arterial blood (Lab)
pH, arterial blood (Lab)
Abnormal Lab Findings - Increased
WBC
Anion gap (Lab)
Osmolar gap (Lab)
WBC/White Blood Cell Count/Leukocytes (Lab)
Associated Diseases & Rule outs
Associated Disease & Complications
Acidosis
Acidosis, metabolic
Apnea
Asthma
Coma/Unconscious
Drug induced Balance/Ataxia poblems
Hypocapnea/hypocarbia
Hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis
Hypotension
Metabolic Acidosis with High Anion Gap
Respiratory muscle weakness
Ataxia Disorder
Disease Mechanism & Classification
Drugs
DRUG/Anticonvulsant/antiepilepsy medication (example)
DRUG/Older medication/little used
DRUG/Sedative/hypnotic medication (example)
Pathophysiology
Pathophysiology/Bronchospasm
Process
PROCESS/Medication/Drug (CONFIRM dose/before treatment)
Toxin
TOXIN/Increases Respiratory Rate
TOXIN/Odor acrid or pear-like
Synonyms
Synonym
1 3 5 Trioxane 2 4 6 trimethyl, admin, Paracetaldehyde, paraldehyde, Paraldehyde (product), Paraldehyde (substance), PARALDEHYDE PREPARATION, Paraldehyde product, Brand name/Paral (Paraldehyde)
Definition

Sedative hypnotic drug used for convulsions and delirium tremens; little used today; oral liquid rectal route used; sterile abscess with intramuscular route

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External Links Related to Paraldehyde (Paral) Administration/Toxicity
Google
Wikipedia
Merck
Images
PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
NGC (National Guideline Clearinghouse)
Medscape (eMedicine)
Harrison's Online (accessmedicine)
NEJM (The New England Journal of Medicine)
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