Disease Information for Noma

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Clinical Manifestations
Signs & Symptoms
Large oral/pharyngeal ulceration
Oral lesion/ulcer
Clinical Presentation & Variations
Presentation/Perforating Cheek Ulcer Necrosis Debilitated
Disease Progression
Course/Chronic disorder
Course/Chronic only
Diagnostic Test Results
Pathology
PATH/Necrotic perforating ulcer/cheek
Associated Diseases & Rule outs
Rule Outs
Gangrenous/ulcerative gingivitis/stomatitis
Associated Disease & Complications
Jaw necrosis/mandible
Noma
Skin necrosis/infarct
Disease Mechanism & Classification
Class
CLASS/Area specific/facial/head/neck (category)
CLASS/Facial area manifestation/disorder (ex)
CLASS/Jaw/dental/oral/salivary (category)
CLASS/Mouth/oral disorders (ex)
Process
PROCESS/Degenerative/necrosis disorder (category)
PROCESS/Necrosis (ex)
Synonyms
Synonym
Acute gangrenous stomatitis, cancrum oris, Cancrum oris (disorder), Gangrenous Stomatitides, Gangrenous stomatitis, Noma, Noma ((cancrum oris) or (gangrenous stomatitis)), Nomas, Stomatitides Gangrenous, Stomatitis Gangrenous, Synonym/Cancrium Oris
Definition

A severe gangrenous process occurring predominantly in debilitated and malnourished children, especially in underdeveloped countries. It typically begins as a small vesicle or ulcer on the gingiva that rapidly becomes necrotic and spreads to produce extensive destruction of the buccal and labial mucosa and tissues of the face, which may result in severe disfigurement and even death. Various bacteria have been implicated in the etiology. (Dorland, 27th ed)

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External Links Related to Noma
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PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
NGC (National Guideline Clearinghouse)
Medscape (eMedicine)
Harrison's Online (accessmedicine)
NEJM (The New England Journal of Medicine)
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