Disease Information for Nocardia Brain Abscess

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Clinical Manifestations
Signs & Symptoms
Central Facial Paralysis
Confusion/Disoriented
Facial weakness/droop, unilateral
Focal neurologic deficit
Headache
Hemiplegic Gait
Lethargy/torpor
Seizures
Weight Loss
Disease Progression
Course/Relapsing
Demographics & Risk Factors
Established Disease Population
Patient/Chemotherapy/cancer
Patient/Corticosteroid treatment
Patient/Bone marrow transplant recipient
Patient/Immune compromised/Immune suppressed
Occupational Factors
Occupation/Farmer/Agriculture
Event, Activity, Behavioral & Seasonal Factors
Activity/Gardening/in the garden situation
Sex & Age Groups
Population/Adult/all
Population/Male
Laboratory Tests
Microbiology & Serology Findings
Microlab/Acid fast bacteria/specimen
Microlab/Gram positive bacteria
Diagnostic Test Results
Other Tests & Procedures
Lumbar puncture/Increased CSF pressure/LP test
CT Scan
CT Scan/Head Brain Abnormality
MRI/Head Scan Abnormal
Associated Diseases & Rule outs
Rule Outs
Brain tumor
Cerebral toxoplasmosis
Cysticercosis, cerebral
Encephalitis
Encephalitis, viral
Primary Brain Neoplasm
Toxoplasmosis
Associated Disease & Complications
Fungal Brain Abscess
Hemiparesis
Hemiplegia
Nocardia Brain Abscess
Intracranial Lesion
Disease Synergy - Causes
Synergy/Corticosteroid treatment
Synergy/Immune deficiency
Disease Mechanism & Classification
Specific Agent
AGENT/Actinobacterium (ex)
AGENT/Bacteria (category)
AGENT/Contagion not reported/unlikely (ex)
AGENT/Fungus (category)
AGENT/Minimally Contagious/infectious
AGENT/Nocardia Species/Actinobacter
AGENT/Ubiqitous in soil
Class
CLASS/Brain/CNS disorder (ex)
Pathophysiology
Pathophysiology/CNS mass lesion effect
Pathophysiology/CSF Pressure Increased
Process
PROCESS/Infection/Abscess (ex)
PROCESS/Infection/agent specific (category)
Treatment
Drug Therapy - Indication
RX/Cefotaxime (Claforan)
RX/Ceftriaxone (Rocephin)
RX/Prolonged course of antibiotics
Surgical Procedures or Treatments
SX/Surgery Incision/Drainage
Definition

Clinical pattern; like bacterial abscess in brain but slower growing with more mass effect; seen inAIDs/HIV disease

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External Links Related to Nocardia Brain Abscess
Google
Wikipedia
Merck
Images
PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
NGC (National Guideline Clearinghouse)
Medscape (eMedicine)
Harrison's Online (accessmedicine)
NEJM (The New England Journal of Medicine)
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