Disease Information for Neonatal Progeria Familial (Wiedemann)

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Clinical Manifestations
Signs & Symptoms
Particular physiognomy/Odd looking kids
Craniofacial Abnormalities/Congenital
Baldness/Alopecia
Gray Hair
Gray hair Childhood
Gray hair, premature
Hair loss
Non-scarring Alopecia/balding
Silvery gray hair/child
White Hair
Bossing forehead,infants
Premature Aging
Clinical Presentation & Variations
Presentation/Multiple deformities newborn (odd look)
Presentation/Arteriosclerosis Young Age
Demographics & Risk Factors
Sex & Age Groups
Population/Neonate-newborn
Diagnostic Test Results
X-RAY
Xray/Frontal bossing, infant/Skull
Xray/Parietal bossing/Skull
Associated Diseases & Rule outs
Associated Disease & Complications
Growth retardation/failure
Ischemia, cardiac
Premature aging/senescence
Disease Mechanism & Classification
Class
CLASS/Pediatric disorders (ex)
Process
PROCESS/Autosomal recessive disorder (ex)
PROCESS/Eponymic (category)
PROCESS/Hereditary Multiple anomalies syndrome [EX]
PROCESS/Hereditofamilial (category)
PROCESS/INCIDENCE/Extremely rare disease
PROCESS/Dystostosis/craniofacial (ex)
Definition

Wiedemann Rautenstrauch Syndrome; Neonatal Progeroid Syndrome; Neonatal Pseudo-Hydrocephalic Progeroid Syndrome of Wiedemann-Rautenstrauch; Rautenstrauch-Wiedemann Syndrome; Rautenstrauch-Wiedemann Type Neonatal Progeria

Wiedemann-Rautenstrauch syndrome (also known as neonatal progeroid syndrome) is an extremely rare genetic disorder characterized by an aged appearance at birth (neonatal progeroid appearance); growth delays before and after birth (prenatal and postnatal growth retardation); and deficiency or absence of the layer of fat under the skin (subcutaneous lipoatrophy), causing the skin to appear abnormally thin, fragile, and wrinkled; In addition, for reasons that are not understood, abnormal deposits of fat may accumulate around the buttocks, the areas around the genitals and the anus (anogenital area), and the area between the ribs and the hips (flanks); Affected infants and children also have distinctive malformations of the head and facial (craniofacial) area including an unusually prominent forehead (frontal bossing) and sides of the skull (parietal bossing), causing the head to appear abnormally large (pseudohydrocephalus); unusually small, underdeveloped (hypoplastic) bones of the face and abnormally small facial features; a small "beak-shaped" nose that becomes more pronounced with advancing age; and/or sparse scalp hair, eyebrows, and/or eyelashes; Most infants and children with Wiedemann-Rautenstrauch syndrome also have unusually thin arms and legs; abnormally large hands and feet; progressive neurological and neuromuscular abnormalities; varying degrees of mental retardation; and severe delays in the acquisition of skills requiring the coordination of mental and muscular activities (psychomotor retardation); In addition, in many cases, affected infants and children are prone to repeated respiratory infections that may result in life-threatening complications; Wiedemann-Rautenstrauch syndrome is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait-------- [nord 2005]-------------

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External Links Related to Neonatal Progeria Familial (Wiedemann)
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Harrison's Online (accessmedicine)
NEJM (The New England Journal of Medicine)
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