Disease Information for Neonatal Cephalic Pustulosis

Clinical Manifestations
Signs & Symptoms
Vesicobullous rash/lesions in Children
Vesicobullous rashes
Demographics & Risk Factors
Sex & Age Groups

Neonatal Cephalic Pustulosis Continued Is Common Neonatal Cephalic Pustulosis (Neonatal Acne) Triggered by Malassezia sympodialis? Pascal Niamba, MD; François Xavier Weill, MD; Jean Sarlangue, MD; Christine Labrèze, MD; Bernard Couprie, MD; Alain Taïeb, MD : Neonatal Cephalic Pustulosis ContinuedIs Common Neonatal Cephalic Pustulosis (Neonatal Acne) Triggered by Malassezia sympodialis? A type of neonatal cephalic pustulosis that is clinically similar to classic neonatal acne recently has been linked to Malassezia furfur infection; To correlate the mycological and clinical findings in neonates with cephalic pustulosis, we carried out a prospective case-control study in a neonatal unit from February to April 1997 using new techniques for classifying Malassezia species; Nineteen patients with cephalic pustulosis and 19 controls younger than 45 days were studied among 161 consecutively hospitalized infants; Cultures from swabs and smears of pustules were obtained from patients, and swabs from healthy site-matched skin were obtained from controls; Three patients were excluded from the study because another cause of pustulosis was found; A blank sampling of pustules was obtained from 2 patients; Test results for 6 of 16 patients were positive for Malassezia sympodialis on contralateral nonpustular skin, and 4 of those patients also had positive cultures for M sympodialis; Cultures from 6 of 19 controls were positive (4 for M furfur and 2 for M sympodialis ); The prevalence of Malassezia species increased with age, and the severity of the pustulosis was correlated with the isolation of M sympodialis;

Conclusion Our data suggest that M sympodialis triggers the severe form of common cephalic pustulosis in infants with this benign disorder


External Links Related to Neonatal Cephalic Pustulosis
PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
NGC (National Guideline Clearinghouse)
Medscape (eMedicine)
Harrison's Online (accessmedicine)
NEJM (The New England Journal of Medicine)