Disease Information for Mitral valve insufficiency

Clinical Manifestations
Signs & Symptoms
PMI Displaced Lateral
Accentuated fourth heart sound/S4
Amyl nitrate decreases murmur
Apical impulse,heart/lateral displacement
Cardiac apical heave
Cardiac auscultation/abnormal
Cardiac Symptoms/Signs
Cardiomegaly/Heart dilatation
Click murmur,systolic
Exercise induced murmur/systolic mitral
First heart sound decreased/S1
Gallop,atrial or S4
Gallop,Ventricular/S3 Sound
Hand grip/increases heart murmur
Heart murmur
Heart murmur/squatting increase
Holosystolic murmur
Late systolic murmur
Split S2 Heart sound
Systolic click
Systolic murmur
Systolic murmur/spine and head radiation
Valsalva decreases heart murmur
Muscle weakness
Demographics & Risk Factors
Established Disease Population
Patient/Fabrys disease
Patient/Atrial fibrillation poor rate control
Diagnostic Test Results
EKG/P negative component V1/deep and long (ECG)
EKG/P Wave >2.5 msec wide V1,V2 (ECG)
EKG/P Wave T/1mm deep/V1,2 (ECG)
EKG/P-Mitrale pattern (ECG)
EKG/Left atrial hypertrophy signs (ECG)
EKG/LVH signs (ECG)
Xray/Aortic knob small/Chest
Xray/Chest abnormal
Xray/Congestive heart failure signs/Chest
Xray/Enlarged left atrium/Chest
Xray/Enlarged left ventricle/chest
Xray/Large heart shadow/Chest
Xray/Chest/Lung fields/Abnormal
Echo/Echocardiogram Abnormal
Echo/Heart Multichamber enlargement
Echo/Large left atrium
Echo/Left atrium internal diameter increased
Echo/Pulmonary artery hypertension
Echo/Trans-esophageal echocardiograph/abnormal (TEE)
Heart cath/Abnormal
Heart cath/Left side abnormal
Associated Diseases & Rule outs
Rule Outs
Aortic stenosis
Atrial myxoma
Atrial septal defect
Cardiac ventricular/septal rupture
Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy
Mitral valve prolapse syndrome
Mitral valve stenosis
Papillary muscle dysfunction
Papillary muscle rupture, mitral valve
Tricuspid regurgitation
Ventricular septal defect
Associated Disease & Complications
Acute Superior Mesenteric Artery Blockage
Atrial fibrillation
Atrial flutter
Bacterial endocarditis, subacute
Bacterial endocarditis/acute
Cardiogenic Pulmonary Edema
Cerebral vascular accident
Chronic left sided congestive heart failure
Congestive heart failure
CVA Cardiac disorders/Cause
Endocarditis, infective
Influenza pneumonia
Left atrial hypertrophy
Left Ventricular Failure
Left ventricular hypertrophy
Patent Foramen Ovale
Pulmonary edema/acute left vent failure
Pulmonary hypertension
Pulmonary hypertension, secondary
Renal infarction
Splenic infarction
Subacute endocarditis, infective
Valvular heart disease
Disease Mechanism & Classification
CLASS/Cardiovascular (category)
CLASS/Heart disorder (ex)
CLASS/Heart valve disorder (ex)
Pathophysiology/Multichamber Cardiac Enlargement
Pathophysiology/Systolic type/Congestive heart failure
PROCESS/Structural/anatomic/foreign body (category)
Incompetence Mitral, Incompetence Mitral Valve, Insufficiency mitral, Insufficiency Mitral Valve, MI Mitral incompetence, Mitral (valve) insufficiency, Mitral Incompetence, Mitral Insufficiency, mitral regurgitation, MITRAL VALVE INCOMPETENCE, MITRAL VALVE INCOMPETENCY, Mitral valve insufficiency, Mitral valve regurgitation, Mitral valve regurgitation (disorder), mr, MR Mitral regurgitation, Regurgitation Mitral, Regurgitation Mitral Valve, Valve Incompetence Mitral, Valve Insufficiency Mitral, Valve Regurgitation Mitral, Synonym/MI, Synonym/Mitral incompetence, Synonym/Mitral insufficiency, Synonym/MR
Drug Therapy - Indication
RX/SBE/Antibiotic Prophylaxis
SX/Cardiac surgery

Backflow of blood from the left ventricle into the left atrium, owing to imperfect functioning of the mitral valve.


External Links Related to Mitral valve insufficiency
PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
NGC (National Guideline Clearinghouse)
Medscape (eMedicine)
Harrison's Online (accessmedicine)
NEJM (The New England Journal of Medicine)