Disease Information for Meningomyelocele

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Clinical Manifestations
Signs & Symptoms
Anal sphincter/loss of tone/reflex
Bowel/Stool Incontinence
Constipation Children
Fecal Soiling in a Child
Delay Sitting Unsupported Infant
Rolling Over Delay Infant
Anesthetic hypesthetic limbs/areas
Ataxia
Delayed walking milestone/child
Development Motor Skills (Milestones) Delayed
Flaccid muscle paralysis
Flaccid paralysis/legs
Lower motor neuron lesion/signs
Paralysis
Poor coordination legs/feet
Saddle anesthesia/sign
Asymmetric Limbs
Cervical kyphosis sign
Lower Back Mass
Disease Progression
Course/Chronic disorder
Course/Chronic only
Demographics & Risk Factors
Population Group
Child
Population/Pediatrics population
Sex & Age Groups
Population/Child
Population/Child-Infant Only
Population/Children/all
Laboratory Tests
Abnormal Lab Findings (Non Measured)
Maternal MSAFP/Quad test (Inhibin A/HG/UE3/AFP)
Maternal triple test (APF/HG/Estriol) abnormal (labs)
MSAFP test (maternal) abnormal (labs)
Abnormal Lab Findings - Increased
Amniocentesis/Alfa-fetoprotein (AFP) Level
Amniotic fluid/Acetylcholinesterase level
Maternal AFP levels
Diagnostic Test Results
Other Tests & Procedures
Amniocentesis/Abnormality
Fetoscopy Abnormal
X-RAY
Xray/Lukenschadel Child/Skull
Xray/Lumbar spine/defect/dorsal lamina
Associated Diseases & Rule outs
Rule Outs
Encopresis/childhood
Associated Disease & Complications
Anal Incontinence
Arnold-Chiari syndrome
Charcot neuroarthropathic joint
Constipation
Encopresis/childhood
Kyphoscoliosis
Lateral scoliosis/Rotosclerosis
Meningitis
Meningoencephalocele
Meningomyelocele
Neurogenic bladder/cord
Obstructive sleep apnea/Children
Paraplegia
Scoliosis
Leg ulcers
Ataxia Disorder
Disease Mechanism & Classification
Class
CLASS/Meninges/pia/arachnoid involvement (ex)
CLASS/Neurologic (category)
Pathophysiology
Pathophysiology/Dysraphia/congenital anomaly
Pathophysiology/Genomic indentifiers (polymorphism/snip/mutations)
Process
PROCESS/Congenital/developmental (category)
PROCESS/Hereditofamilial (category)
PROCESS/Anomalies/Deformities/Malformations (EX)
PROCESS/Congenital CNS disorder (ex)
Synonyms
Synonym
Meningomyelocele, Meningomyelocele (disorder), Meningomyelocele of unspecified site, Meningomyelocele of unspecified site (disorder), Meningomyelocele unspecif site, Meningomyeloceles, myelocystocele, Myelocystocele (disorder), Myelocystocele of unspecified site, Myelocystocele of unspecified site (disorder), Myelocystocele unspecif site, myelomeningocele, Myelomeningoceles, Synonym/Myelomeningocele, Synonym/Spina bifida cystica
Definition

Congenital, or rarely acquired, herniation of meningeal and spinal cord tissue through a bony defect in the vertebral column. The majority of these defects occur in the lumbosacral region. Clinical features include PARAPLEGIA, loss of sensation in the lower body, and incontinence. This condition may be associated with the ARNOLD-CHIARI MALFORMATION and HYDROCEPHALUS. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, pp35-6)

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External Links Related to Meningomyelocele
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Wikipedia
Merck
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PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
NGC (National Guideline Clearinghouse)
Medscape (eMedicine)
Harrison's Online (accessmedicine)
NEJM (The New England Journal of Medicine)
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