Disease Information for Meningitis, Coxacki viral

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Clinical Manifestations
Signs & Symptoms
Macular rash
Rash
Altered mental status Mental status change
Confusion/agitation on exam
Confusion/Disoriented
Headache
Headache in children
Headache, severe
Kernigs sign
Meningeal Signs
Neurological symptoms/signs
Stiff neck/Nuchal rigidity
Sudden unconsciousness
Acute Back Pain
Back Pain
Backache
Acutely ill patient/signs
Collapse/Prostration
Constitutional symptoms
Fever in kids
Fever, high
Malaise
Disease Progression
Course/7-10 days
Course/Acute
Course/Acute only
Demographics & Risk Factors
Event, Activity, Behavioral & Seasonal Factors
Event/Summertime manifestations
Laboratory Tests
Microbiology & Serology Findings
Microlab/Coxacki virus isolation
Microlab/Enterovirus isolation
Microlab/PCR/Antigen test/Abnormal
Microlab/Virus culture abnormal
Microlab/PCR CSF antigen/abnormal
Abnormal Lab Findings (Non Measured)
Right Shift (Viral) Differential Smear (Lab)
CSF abnormal
CSF Neutrophiles first then lymphocytes present
CSF/Clear fluid grossly
Abnormal Lab Findings - Increased
Platelet count (Lab)
CSF Cells
CSF Eosinophiles
CSF Lymphocytes
Microlab/CSF Culture negative
Diagnostic Test Results
Other Tests & Procedures
Lumbar puncture/abnormal
Lumbar puncture/Increased CSF pressure/LP test
Pathology
PATH/Brain/Edema/Swelling
Associated Diseases & Rule outs
Rule Outs
Poliomyelitis, acute
West Nile Encephalitis
Associated Disease & Complications
Aseptic meningitis syndrome
Meningitis, chronic
Meningitis, viral
Post viral asthenia syndrome
Thrombocytosis
Disease Mechanism & Classification
Specific Agent
AGENT/Virus (category)
Class
CLASS/Meninges/pia/arachnoid involvement (ex)
CLASS/Neurologic (category)
Pathophysiology
Pathophysiology/CSF Pressure Increased
Process
PROCESS/Complicating disorder (ex)
PROCESS/Complicating/Specific process disorder (ex)
PROCESS/Infection/agent specific (category)
Definition

The more common symptoms of meningitis are fever; severe headache; stiff neck; bright lights hurting the eyes; drowsiness or confusion; and nausea and vomiting; In babies; the symptoms are more difficult to identify. They may include fever; fretfulness or irritability; difficulty in awakening the baby; or the baby refuses to eat; The symptoms of meningitis may not be the same for every person; Viral ("aseptic") meningitis is serious but rarely fatal in persons with normal immune systems; Usually; the symptoms last from 7 to 10 days and the patient recovers completely; About 90% of cases of viral meningitis are caused by members of a group of viruses known as enteroviruses; such as coxsackieviruses and echoviruses; These viruses are more common during summer and fall months. Herpesviruses and the mumps virus can also cause viral meningitis. How is viral meningitis diagnosed? Viral meningitis is usually diagnosed by laboratory tests of spinal fluid obtained with a spinal tap; The specific cause of viral meningitis can be determined by tests that identify the virus in specimens collected from the patient; but these tests are rarely done; How is viral meningitis treated? No specific treatment for viral meningitis exists at this time; Most patients completely recover on their own; Doctors often will recommend bed rest; plenty of fluids; and medicine to relieve fever and headache; How is the virus spread? Enteroviruses; the most common cause of viral meningitis; are most often spread through direct contact with respiratory secretions (e g saliva; sputum; or nasal mucus) of an infected person; This usually happens by shaking hands with an infected person or touching something they have handled; and then rubbing your own nose or mouth; The virus can also be found in the stool of persons who are infected; The virus is spread through this route mainly among small children who are not yet toilet trained; It can also be spread this way to adults changing the diapers of an infected infant; The incubation period for enteroviruses is usually between 3 and 7 days from the time you are infected until you develop symptoms; You can usually spread the virus to someone else beginning about 3 days after you are infected until about 10 days after you develop symptoms; Can I get viral meningitis if I’m around someone who has it? The viruses that cause viral meningitis are contagious; Enteroviruses; for example; are very common during the summer and early fall; and many people are exposed to them; However; most infected persons either have no symptoms or develop only a cold or rash with low-grade fever; Only a small proportion of infected persons actually develop meningitis; Therefore; if you are around someone who has viral meningitis; you have a moderate chance of becoming infected; but a very small chance of developing meningitis-----[CDC information website

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External Links Related to Meningitis, Coxacki viral
Google
Wikipedia
Merck
Images
PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
NGC (National Guideline Clearinghouse)
Medscape (eMedicine)
Harrison's Online (accessmedicine)
NEJM (The New England Journal of Medicine)
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