Disease Information for Melioidosis

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Clinical Manifestations
Signs & Symptoms
Acute Chest Pain
Chest Pain
Cutaneous manifestations
Draining sinus tract/cutaneous
Anorexia Decreased appetite
Palpable Liver/Hepatomegaly
Muscle Pain
Myalgias
Tender or painful muscles/Myalgias
Headache
Chest pain, sharp, lateral
Chest pain/non-cardiac
Cough
Cough Chronic
Cough, productive
Lung signs/abnormality
Pleuritic chest pain
Rales
Rales Rhonchi localized
Rapid Breathing
Scant hemoptysis
Sputum Blood-tinged/streaked
Tachypnea/Increased respiratory rate
Splenomegaly
Constitutional symptoms
Fever
Fever Febrile Possible
Fever in Immigrants
Fever of unknown origin/chronic fever
Fever, high
Flu-Like Syndrome
High body temperature
Malaise
Clinical Presentation & Variations
Presentation/Fever Immigrant Recent Home country visit
Presentation/Fever recent Travel Long visit return
Presentation/Agressive pneumonia Immuncompromised
Disease Progression
Course/Chronic disorder
Course/Chronic only
Incubation/Variable
Demographics & Risk Factors
Travel, Geographic & Climate Related Factors
Residence/travel/Asia
Residence/travel/Australia
Residence/travel/Southeast Asia
Ethnic or Racial Factors
Asian population
Southeast Asian/Population
Recent Event
Recent/Travel
Recent/Travel/International 6-18 months ago
Population Group
Population/Immigrant population
Occupational Factors
Occupation/Animal handler/cattle/farms
Laboratory Tests
Microbiology & Serology Findings
Microlab/Actinobacillus bacteria isolate
Microlab/Bacillus/rods on smear
Microlab/Bipolar/staining gram negative rods
Stool Microscopic polys present
Abnormal Lab Findings (Non Measured)
Acute inflammatory markers elevated (Lab)
Abnormal Lab Findings - Increased
WBC
WBC/White Blood Cell Count/Leukocytes (Lab)
Diagnostic Test Results
X-RAY
Xray/Chest abnormal
Xray/Bilateral upper lobe fibrous streaking/Chest
Xray/Cavitation/Cavitary lung lesion/Chest
Xray/Chest/Lung fields/Abnormal
Xray/Miliary nodule pattern/Chest
Xray/Multiple cavitary lesions of lungs/Chest
Xray/Multiple cysts/apices/Lung
Xray/Multiple infiltrates/Chest
Xray/Multiple nodules/lung fields/Chest
Xray/Pleural fluid/Chest
Xray/Upper lobe lesion/Chest
Associated Diseases & Rule outs
Rule Outs
Tuberculosis, pulmonary
Associated Disease & Complications
Bacteremia Septicemia
Cutaneous abscess/subcutaneous
Lung cystic disease/acquired
Melioidosis
Osteomyelitis
Pleural Effusion
Pneumonia/Bronchopneumonia
Suppurative lymphangitis
Upper lobe pneumonia
Multiple Abscesses
Disease Mechanism & Classification
Specific Agent
AGENT/Bacteria (category)
AGENT/Endemic disease (ex)
AGENT/Gram negative bacteria (ex)
AGENT/Gram negative rods (ex)
Pathophysiology
Pathophysiology/Abscess tendency
Pathophysiology/Variable course subsets/severe/mild
Pathophysiology/Upper lobe pneumonia/predelict
Process
PROCESS/INCIDENCE/Regional specific
PROCESS/Infection/agent specific (category)
Synonyms
Synonym
Infection due to malleomyces pseudomallei, Infection due to Pseudomonas pseudomallei, Infection due to Whitmore's bacillus, infection Malleomyces pseudomallei, infection Pseudomonas pseudomallei, Malleomyces pseudomallei infection, Melioidoses, MELIOIDOSIS, Melioidosis unspecified, Melioidosis unspecified (disorder), PSEUDOCHOLERA, Pseudoglanders, Pseudoglanders (disorder), pseudomallei Pseudomonas, Pseudomonas infection pseudomallei, Pseudomonas pseudomallei, Pseudomonas pseudomallei infection, Stanton, STANTON DISEASE, Stanton's disease, Whitmore, WHITMORE DISEASE, Whitmore's disease, Synonym/Actinobacillus pseudomallei infection, Synonym/Bacillus pseudomallei infection, Synonym/Pneumoenteritis/pseudocholera syndrome, Synonym/Pseudomonas pseudomallei, Synonym/Pseudomonas pseudomallei infection, Synonym/Stanton disease, Synonym/Whitmore disease, Synonym/Whitmore's bacillus
Treatment
Drug Therapy - Indication
RX/Ceftazidime (Fortaz)
RX/Chloramphenicol (Chloromycetin)
RX/Doxycyline (Vibramycin)
RX/Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim)
Other Treatments
TX/Infection/isolation/quarantine
Definition

A disease of humans and animals that resembles GLANDERS. It is caused by BURKHOLDERIA PSEUDOMALLEI and may range from a dormant infection to a condition that causes multiple abscesses, pneumonia, and bacteremia.

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External Links Related to Melioidosis
Google
Wikipedia
Merck
Images
PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
NGC (National Guideline Clearinghouse)
Medscape (eMedicine)
Harrison's Online (accessmedicine)
NEJM (The New England Journal of Medicine)
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