Disease Information for Malnutrition, secondary

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Clinical Manifestations
Signs & Symptoms
Delayed/poor wound healing
Dry skin/scaling dry skin
Fingernails brittle/thinner/splitting
Stunted growth
Anorexia in Infant
Failure to Thrive
Failure to Thrive Child
Failure to thrive/infant sign
Feeding/Apetite Problems Child
Symptom Relief with Eating
Weight loss in Children
Delayed speech/language development
Development Motor Skills (Milestones) Delayed
Developmental milestones delayed
Fatigability
Slow Motor Development
Epistaxis Children
Decreased exercise tolerance/effort fatigue
Enervated/extreme acute fatigue
Fatigue
Fatigue Tiredness Exhaustion
Infant peevish/irritable/fretful
Muscle Wasting/Diffuse
Poor Stamina
Short stature
Short stature Child
Sickly kid syndrome
Weakness, Gradual Onset
Weight Loss
Clinical Presentation & Variations
Presentation/Recurrent pneumonia Child
Disease Progression
Course/Chronic only
Demographics & Risk Factors
Past History
Past history/Gastrectomy
Established Disease Population
Patient/Cancer
Patient/Nursing/lactating status
Patient/Amebiasis/colitis
Patient/Crohns/regional enteritis
Patient/Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Patient/Vomiting/Nausea of pregnancy
Population Group
Child
Population/Pediatrics population
Sex & Age Groups
Population/Child
Population/Children/all
Laboratory Tests
Abnormal Lab Findings - Decreased
25-OH Cholecalciferol/25-OH Vit D/Vit D3 level (Lab)
Albumin, serum (Lab)
Ascorbic acid/Vitamin C (Lab)
BUN/Blood urea nitrogen (Lab)
Cystine (Lab)
Folic acid/Folate (Lab)
HDL (High density lipoprotein) (Lab)
Hematocrit (Lab)
Hemoglobin (Lab)
IGM/Immunoglobulin M (Lab)
LDL (Low density lipoprotein) (Lab)
LH/Leutinizing Hormone (Lab)
Pyridoxine/Vitamin B6 (Lab)
RBC/Red Blood Count (Lab)
Thiamine/Vitamin B1 (Lab)
TIBC/Total Iron Binding capacity (Lab)
Total Protein, serum (Lab)
URINE Ascorbic acid/Vitamin C
URINE FSH
Abnormal Lab Findings - Increased
Ascorbic acid/Vitamin C (Lab)
Diagnostic Test Results
Other Tests & Procedures
Skin test anergy
X-RAY
Xray/Delayed bone age/slow epiphysis closures
Associated Diseases & Rule outs
Rule Outs
Anemia
Calcium deficiency
Associated Disease & Complications
Abdomen, postoperative dehiscence
Anergic status
Cellular immunity defect/deficiency
Diabetic peripheral neuropathy
Epistaxis/nosebleed
Hypoalbuminemia Hypoproteinemia
Neurodevelopmental disorders
Scurvy
Vitamin deficiencies
Xeroderma
Disease Mechanism & Classification
Pathophysiology
Pathophysiology/Defective cellular immunity
Process
PROCESS/Deficiency (category)
PROCESS/Metabolic/storage disorder (category)
Treatment
Drug Therapy - Indication
RX/Multivitamin supplements
Other Treatments
TX/Total parenteral nutrition/TPN.
Definition

Starvation [protein-calorie] History of decreased intake of energy or protein, increased nutrient losses, or increased nutrient requirements; Manifestations range from weight loss and growth failure to distinct syndromes, kwashiorkor, and marasmus; In severe cases, virtually all organ systems are affected; Protein loss correlates with weight loss; Thirty-five to 40% total body weight loss is usually fatal; Protein-energy malnutrition occurs as a result of a relative or absolute deficiency of energy and protein; It may be primary, due to inadequate food intake, or secondary, as a result of other illness; For most developing nations, primary protein-energy malnutrition remains among the most significant health problems; Protein-energy malnutrition has been described as two distinct syndromes: Kwashiorkor, caused by a deficiency of protein in the presence of adequate energy, is typically seen in weaning infants at the birth of a sibling in areas where foods containing protein are insufficiently abundant; Marasmus, caused by combined protein and energy deficiency, is most commonly seen where adequate quantities of food are not available; In industrialized societies, protein-energy malnutrition is most often secondary to other diseases; Kwashiorkor-like secondary protein-energy malnutrition occurs primarily in association with hypermetabolic acute illnesses such as trauma, burns, and sepsis;

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External Links Related to Malnutrition, secondary
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Wikipedia
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PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
NGC (National Guideline Clearinghouse)
Medscape (eMedicine)
Harrison's Online (accessmedicine)
NEJM (The New England Journal of Medicine)
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