Disease Information for Hyperventilation

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Clinical Manifestations
Signs & Symptoms
Circumoral paresthesia
Numbness of face
Numbness of lips
Bilateral Calf Pains
Carpopedal spasms
Chvostek's sign
Hypertonia
Leg cramps/muscle spasm/pains
Muscle twitches
Peroneal sign/tetany
Twitchy/muscle spasms
Active reflexes
Detachment/Out of body feeling
Dizziness/Dizzy
Hyperreflexia/DTRs increased
Lightheadedness/giddyness/spacey
Numbness/distal fingers and toes
Paresthesias
Tingling lips/hands/paresthesias
Panic attacks
Restlessness/Anxiousness
Weakness non-neuromuscular/systemic
Eyelid Fasciculations
Demographics & Risk Factors
Established Disease Population
Patient/Neurotic/psychoneurosis
Laboratory Tests
Abnormal Lab Findings - Decreased
Bicarbonate, serum (Lab)
Carbon Dioxide Total Content/CO2
PCO2, arterial blood (Lab)
Phosphate Serum (Lab)
Abnormal Lab Findings - Increased
pH, arterial blood (Lab)
pO2, arterial blood (Lab)
Diagnostic Test Results
EKG (ECG)
EKG/Non-specific ST-T Wave changes (ECG)
Associated Diseases & Rule outs
Rule Outs
Anxiety disorder/panic attacks
Asthma
Associated Disease & Complications
Alkalosis
Hyperventilation
Hypocapnea/hypocarbia
Hypophosphatemia
Syncope, vasovagal
Syncope/Fainting
Disease Mechanism & Classification
Class
CLASS/Pulmonic (category)
Pathophysiology
Pathophysiology/Neuromuscular irritability
Pathophysiology/Hyperventilation
Pathophysiology/Hyperventilation Persistent Drive
Process
PROCESS/Vegetative-Autonomic/Endocrine (category)
Definition

A pulmonary ventilation rate faster than is metabolically necessary for the exchange of gases. It is the result of an increased frequency of breathing, an increased tidal volume, or a combination of both. It causes an excess intake of oxygen and the blowing off of carbon dioxide.

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External Links Related to Hyperventilation
Google
Wikipedia
Merck
Images
PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
NGC (National Guideline Clearinghouse)
Medscape (eMedicine)
Harrison's Online (accessmedicine)
NEJM (The New England Journal of Medicine)
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