Disease Information for Ephedrine (Ephedra) Administration/Toxicity

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Clinical Manifestations
Signs & Symptoms
Bounding pulse
Brief Blood pressure increase/sign:
High blood pressure child
High blood pressure/sign
Hyperdynamic circulatory status/signs
Loud heartbeat/Forceful beat
Palpitations/Skipped beats
Regional pallor/vasospasm
Sudden pallor
Systolic hypertension/diastolic normal
Tachycardia/Fast heart rate
Vasospasm of extremities/Signs
Cramping in Extremities
Hypertonia
Muscle cramps/spasms
Twitchy/muscle spasms
Excitement
Hyperreflexia/DTRs increased
Spasms in Both Legs
Tremor
Tremor,fine
Tremulousness
Euphoria/Elated/'high' behavior/Gaiety
Incomplete bladder emptying sensation
Poor Bladder Emptying in Elderly
Pallor
Restlessness/Anxiousness
Blurred Cloudy Vision
Difficulty Focusing Eyes
Dimming vision/acute
Diplopia Double vision
Mydriasis/wide pupils
Clinical Presentation & Variations
Presentation/Hypertension Abrupt Onset
Demographics & Risk Factors
Established Disease Population
Patient/Atrial fibrillation poor rate control
Diagnostic Test Results
EKG (ECG)
EKG/Sinus tachycardia (ECG)
Associated Diseases & Rule outs
Associated Disease & Complications
Amphetamine/speed toxidrome
Atrial fibrillation
Cardiac arrhythmias
Cerebral hemorrhage
Cerebral vascular accident
Drug induced Arrhythmias
Drug induced Hypertension.
Drug induced Stroke/Cerebral ischemia/Bleed
Drug induced tremor/movement disorder
Hypertension
Hypertension in a child
Monoamine oxidase inhibitor toxicity/crisis
Sinus tachycardia
Urinary bladder retention
Ventricular ectopy/VPBs
Ventricular fibrillation
Ventricular tachycardia/arrest
Disease Mechanism & Classification
Drugs
DRUG/Anti-asthma medication (example)
DRUG/Beta-adrenergic agonist effect
DRUG/Bronchodilator medication (example)
DRUG/Older medication/little used
DRUG/Pressor (antishock) medication (ex)
DRUG/Stimulant (example)
DRUG/Sympathomimetic/Adrenergic effect
DRUG-Herbal Improves memory claims
Process
PROCESS/Medication/Drug (CONFIRM dose/before treatment)
Toxin
TOXIN/Causes Hyperthermia/Fever
TOXIN/Increases Blood Pressure
TOXIN/Increases Heart Rate
Treatment
Drug Dosage
DRUG/Dose 25 mgm (Unit/Pill/Capsule size)
DRUG/Dose TID Medication
DRUG/Generic available
DRUG/Injectable medication (parenteral)
DRUG/Intravenous administraton RX
DRUG/IV requires lesser dose/Caution
DRUG/Oral medication (ex)
Definition

Stimulant, anti-asthma and sympathomimetic drug; adrenergic effects; oral and parenteral preparation; this is a low level abused drug as natural Ehedra and also as high dose with illegal source

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External Links Related to Ephedrine (Ephedra) Administration/Toxicity
Google
Wikipedia
Merck
Images
PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
NGC (National Guideline Clearinghouse)
Medscape (eMedicine)
Harrison's Online (accessmedicine)
NEJM (The New England Journal of Medicine)
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