Disease Information for Eczema/Dermatitis, atopic

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Clinical Manifestations
Signs & Symptoms
Circumoral pallor
Facial Malar flush/rash
Red/erythema skin discoloration
Arm/upper extremity skin lesion
Beau's lines/Mees lines fingernails
Cheek/facial skin distribution
Crusting Rash
Cycling rash severity
Dry Scalp
Dry skin/scaling dry skin
Eczema rash
Erythematous generalized rash
Erythroderma
Excoriations
Extensor surfaces/skin manifestations
Face skin lesions
Facial erythema
Facial rash
Hypopigmentation
Isomorphic Skin Trauma Response
Koebner phenomenon/post-mechanical stimulation/rash lesion
Longitudinal grooved nails
Nail Striations
Nails pitting
Polymorphous rash
Pruritis Itching
Rash
Rash flexor surfaces/antecubital
Rash on extremities
Rash, chronic/Dermatitis
Rash, erythematous/Sunburn-like
Scaling/Skin finding
Symmetrical rash
Demographics & Risk Factors
Established Disease Population
Patient/Allergic/atopic
Family History
Family history/Skin rashes chronic
Family history/Hay fever/asthma
Event, Activity, Behavioral & Seasonal Factors
Event/Seasonal events/exacerbation
Laboratory Tests
Abnormal Lab Findings - Increased
Eosinophiles (LAB)
RAST/IGE Specific Allergy Abnormal
IGE/Immunoglobulin E (Lab)
Diagnostic Test Results
Other Tests & Procedures
Skin tests/Allergy scatch tests abnormal
Associated Diseases & Rule outs
Rule Outs
Actinic keratosis
Angioedema/angioneurotic edema
Contact dermatitis
Impetigo/Pyoderm
Lichen planus
Pagets disease/nipple
Pediculosis capitis
Pityriasis rosea
Psoriasis
Scabies
Tinea corporis
Tinea pedis
Associated Disease & Complications
Anogenital pruritis syndrome
Dermatitis/Chronic rash
Eczema
Eczema vaccinatum
Eczema/Dermatitis, atopic
Eosinophilia Hypereosinophilia
Impetigo herpetiformis
Impetigo/Pyoderm
Keratosis pilaris
Neonatal Erythroderma
Otitis externa/acute
Pruritis ani
Rhinitis, atopic
Staphylococcus aureus infection
Xeroderma
Pityriasis alba
Disease Synergy - Causes
Synergy/General stress
Synergy/On medications/medication
Disease Mechanism & Classification
Class
CLASS/Dermatologic/Subcutaneous (category)
Pathophysiology
Pathophysiology/Filaggrin mutations gene locus eczema/asthma atopic
Pathophysiology/Gene locus Chromosome 20
Pathophysiology/Gene locus Chromosome 20p
Pathophysiology/Gene Locus Identified/OMIM database
Pathophysiology/Genomic indentifiers (polymorphism/snip/mutations)
Pathophysiology/IgE mediated allergic Type 1/immediate
Pathophysiology/Chemotaxis failure/phagocytes/effect
Process
PROCESS/Allergy/collagen/autoimmune (category)
PROCESS/Atopic disorder (ex)
PROCESS/Hypersensitivity reaction (ex).
Synonyms
Synonym
AD Atopic dermatitis, Allergic (intrinsic) eczema (disorder), Allergic dermatitis, allergic eczema, allergy dermatitis, allergy eczema, ATOD, Atopic Dermatitides, atopic dermatitis, Atopic dermatitis (disorder), Atopic dermatitis unspecified, Atopic Eczema, Atopic Neurodermatitides, Atopic Neurodermatitis, Atopic neurodermatitis (disorder), BESNIER PRURIGO, Besnier's prurigo, Besnier's prurigo (disorder), Canine atopy, Dermatitides Atopic, DERMATITIS ALLERGIC, dermatitis allergy, Dermatitis atopic, Disseminated Neurodermatitides, Disseminated neurodermatitis, Eczema allergic, eczema allergy, Eczema atopic, Neurodermatitides Atopic, Neurodermatitides Disseminated, Neurodermatitis atopic, Neurodermatitis Disseminated, prurigo Besnier, Prurigo of Besnier, Synonym/Atopic dermatitis (Eczema, atopic), Synonym/Neurodermatitis/eczema
Treatment
Drug Therapy - Indication
RX/Aprepitant (Emend)
RX/Ciclosporine Cyclosporin Unction
RX/Corticosteroid/unction
RX/Pimecrolimus (Elidel) unction
RX/Prednisone (Deltasone)
RX/Topical Steroid
Other Treatments
TX/Avoidance offending agents (indication).
TX/Elimination diet
TX/Proscribe/Scratching/picking skin lesions/rash
Definition

A chronic inflammatory genetically determined disease of the skin marked by increased ability to form reagin (IgE), with increased susceptibility to allergic rhinitis and asthma, and hereditary disposition to a lowered threshold for pruritus. It is manifested by lichenification, excoriation, and crusting, mainly on the flexural surfaces of the elbow and knee. In infants it is known as infantile eczema.

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External Links Related to Eczema/Dermatitis, atopic
Google
Wikipedia
Merck
Images
PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
NGC (National Guideline Clearinghouse)
Medscape (eMedicine)
Harrison's Online (accessmedicine)
NEJM (The New England Journal of Medicine)
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