Disease Information for Eales disease

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Clinical Manifestations
Signs & Symptoms
Episodic symptoms/events
Floaters
Ophthalmoscopic/Fundoscopic exam/abnormal
Retinal exudates
Retinal hemorrhages/sign
Retinal lesions
Retinopathy signs on exam
Vision Loss
Visual Problems
Visual symptoms
Vitreous clouding on exam
Disease Progression
Course/Episodic clusters of attacks
Course/Progressive/slowly chronic illness
Course/Recurrent
Course/Recurrent illness pattern
Course/Spontaneous remission possible
Demographics & Risk Factors
Population Group
Man
Young Adult
Sex & Age Groups
Population/Adult ('twenties')
Population/Adult Aged Only
Population/Adult/all
Population/Male
Population/Man patient
Population/Thirties adult
Population/Twenties-Adult/male
Population/Young adult
Associated Diseases & Rule outs
Associated Disease & Complications
Blindness
Eales disease/recurrent retinal phlebitis
Proliferative retinopathy
Retina detachment
Retinal hemorrhage
Retinal neovascularization
Retinal vasculitis
Retinal vein thrombosis, central
Retinitis
Retinopathy
Visual acuity loss
Vitreous hemorrhage
Disease Mechanism & Classification
Class
CLASS/Eye involvement/disorder (ex)
CLASS/Retina involvement/disorder (ex)
Pathophysiology
Pathophysiology/Retinal phlebitic process
Process
PROCESS/Eponymic (category)
Synonyms
Synonym
Eales, Eale's disease, Eales' disease, Eales' disease (disorder), Eales's disease, perivasculitis retina, Retinal perivasculitis, Synonym/Periphlebitis retinae, Synonym/Retinal periphlebitis of Eales
Definition

Eales" disease

Also known as:

Axenfeld"s juvenile angiopathy

Eales’ syndrome

Synonyms:

Angiopathia retinae juvenilis (Richard Cords), angiopathy, periphlebitis retinae, retinal periphlebitis, retinal vasculitis, retinal vasculitis of the young, retinitis proliferans (Wilhelm Manz), vasculitis retinae.

Associated persons:

Karl Theodor Paul Polykarpus Axenfeld

Henry Eales

Description:

Noninflammatory disorder of the peripheral retinal vessels with recurrent vitreous and retinal haemorrhages giving sudden visual impairment. Occur in stress situation, after trauma, or after awakening. Most cases are spontaneous and unilateral (not posttraumatic). Begins with periphlebitis retinae. There is sudden loss of vision usually in one eye, or vision impairment (scotoma, floating spots). Occasionally associated with neovascularisation, haemorrhage, vascular obliteration, vascular sheathing, ataxia, paresthesiasis, speech disorder. Progressive condition with improvements and recurrences. Prevalent in second and third decades of life. Etiology unknown

The disease picture was probably described before Eales by the Dutch physician Adrien Christopher van Trigt (1825-1864). The work listed below is the only one found by Trigt on ophthalmology, so that is probably where he described it. Learn some Latin and see for yourself.[whonamedit.com 2005]--------------------------------------------------

Eales Disease

Eales Retinopathy

Idiopathic Peripheral Periphlebitis

Disorder Subdivisions

General Discussion

Eales Disease is a rare disorder of sight that appears as an inflammation and white haze around the outercoat of the veins in the retina. The disorder is most prevalent among young males and normally affects both eyes. Usually, vision is suddenly blurred because the clear jelly that fills the eyeball behind the lens of the eye seeps out (vitreous hemorrhaging).

[NORD 2005]

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External Links Related to Eales disease
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Medscape (eMedicine)
Harrison's Online (accessmedicine)
NEJM (The New England Journal of Medicine)
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