Disease Information for Dementia, multi-infarct

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Clinical Manifestations
Signs & Symptoms
Dysphagia Swallowing Difficulties
Failure to Thrive
Hypertonia
Abulia status/inert/no motivation
Acalcula/Dyscalcula
Altered mental status Mental status change
Anomia
Apathy/Indifference
Astereognosis/Tactile agnosia
Ataxia
Attacks, neurologic, recurrent, varied
Babinski's upgoing toes/bilateral
Clumsiness/poor coordination
CNS symptoms/signs
Cognitive defect
Coprolalia/Foul language
Executive function loss/apathy/inertia
Fine-motor coordination problems
Grasp reflex/increased adult
Handwriting progressive decline
Hyperreflexia/DTRs increased
Impaired judgement/signs
Jaw jerk increased
Legs increased tone/spastic/hyperreflexic
Memory Loss in Elderly
Multifocal neurologic deficit/signs
Near recall/memory deficit/defect
Paucity of ideas/conversation
Personality change
Rooting/sucking/snout reflex present/adult
Ruminating Jaw Movements
Short term memory loss
Staggering Gait
Absentminded/vague
Agitation
Delusions
Depressed/discouraged/sad
Loss inhibition/Dysinhibition, social
Low Frustration tolerance in Elderly
Personality changes/gradual
Poverty of thought
Queer bizarre behavior/change
Scattered thought process
Urinary Incontinence in Elderly
Urine Incontinence
Listlessness/lassitude
Personal hygiene problems/slovenly
Spousal/family concern/complaint
Thirst decreased
Weakness, Gradual Onset
Demographics & Risk Factors
Established Disease Population
Patient/Arteriosclerosis
Population Group
Aged Adult
Status/Nursing home patient/setting
Sex & Age Groups
Population/Adult Aged Only
Population/Adult/all
Population/Elderly Aged
Population/Seventies Adult
Population/Sixties-adult
Diagnostic Test Results
CT Scan
CT Scan/Head Cortical atrophy
MRI/Head Brain Abnormal
MRI/Head Cortical atrophy
MRI/Head Grey matter degeneration
MRI/Head Ventricular enlargement
PET Scan/Head abnormal
PET Scan/Head FDDNP abnormal
X-RAY With contrast
Barium Swallowing Cine Abnormality
Associated Diseases & Rule outs
Rule Outs
Dementia, Lewy body type
Normal pressure hydrocephalus
Associated Disease & Complications
Amnesia
Cerebral cortical atrophy
Dementia
Depression, reactive
Extrapyramidal disease/manifestation
Hallucinations
Hemiparesis
Psychosis
Secondary Psychosis/Symptomatic
Ataxia Disorder
Ineffective Cough or Reflex
Disease Synergy - Causes
Synergy/General stress
Disease Mechanism & Classification
Class
CLASS/Brain/CNS disorder (ex)
CLASS/Neurologic (category)
Process
PROCESS/Arteriosclerosis/vascular/venous (category)
PROCESS/Ischemic process (ex)
Treatment
Drug Therapy - Indication
RX/Anti-platelet/anticoagulant
Definition

Loss of higher cortical functions with retained awareness due to multiple cortical or subcortical CEREBRAL INFARCTION. Memory, judgement, attention span, and impulse control are often impaired, and may be accompanied by PSEUDOBULBAR PALSY, hemiparesis, reflex abnormalities, and other signs of localized neurologic dysfunction. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1060)

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External Links Related to Dementia, multi-infarct
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Wikipedia
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PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
NGC (National Guideline Clearinghouse)
Medscape (eMedicine)
Harrison's Online (accessmedicine)
NEJM (The New England Journal of Medicine)
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