Disease Information for Pulmonary edema: Definition

Ads
  • extravascular accumulation of fluid in the pulmonary tissue and air spaces-----------------------------------

    Your lungs contain millions of small, elastic air sacs; With each breath, the air sacs take in oxygen and release carbon dioxide; Normally, the exchange of gases takes place without problems; But sometimes increased pressure in the blood vessels in your lungs forces fluid into the air sacs, preventing them from absorbing oxygen — a condition called pulmonary edema; In most cases, heart problems cause pulmonary edema; But fluid can accumulate for other reasons, including pneumonia, exposure to certain toxins and medications, and exercising or living at high elevations; Acute pulmonary edema is a medical emergency requiring immediate care; Although pulmonary edema can sometimes prove fatal, the outlook is often good when you receive prompt treatment for pulmonary edema along with therapy for the underlying problem; Signs and symptoms Depending on the cause, pulmonary edema symptoms may appear suddenly or develop slowly over weeks or months; Signs and symptoms that come on suddenly are usually severe and may include:Extreme shortness of breath or difficulty breathing, feeling of suffocating or drowning, Wheezing or gasping for breath, Anxiety, restlessness, a sense of apprehension. A cough that produces frothy sputum that may be tinged with blood, Excessive sweating, Pale skin, Chest pain when pulmonary edema is caused by coronary artery disease,If you develop any of these signs or symptoms, call 911 or emergency medical assistance right away; Pulmonary edema can be fatal if not treated;Signs and symptoms that develop more gradually include: Difficulty breathing when you"re lying flat as opposed to sitting up, Awakening at night with a breathless feeling, Having more shortness of breath than normal when you"re physically active, Significant weight gain when pulmonary edema develops as a result of congestive heart failure, a condition in which your heart pumps too little blood to meet your body"s needs; The weight gain is from accumulation of fluid in your body, especially in your legs -----------------[Mayo Clinic website 2007]---------------------

    (Edit)

Ads