Disease Information for Chorea, Sydenham's acute: Definition

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  • Chorea, Sydenham"s; Chorea Minor; Infectious Chorea;

    Rheumatic Chorea; St Vitus Dance; Sydenham"s chorea is a non-progressive neurological movement disorder characterized by spontaneous movements, lack of coordination of voluntary movements, and muscular weakness; This disorder may occur following a streptococcal infection such as rheumatic fever, meningitis or scarlet fever--------[NORD 2005]----------AKA Acute chorea, chorea infectiosa, chorea minor, chorea naturalis, chorea rheumatica, infectious chorea, minor chorea, rheumatic chorea; An infectious disease of the central nervous system commonly occurring between 5 and 15 years of age, but it may also occur later in life or be associated with pregnancy (chorea gravidarum); Affects females about twice as often as males, appearing after a streptococcal infection, with subsequent rheumatic fever; It may cause valvular disturbances; It is characterised by involuntary purposeless contractions of the muscles of the trunk and extremities, initially in one limb; face movements that simulate smirking expressions, anxiety; impairment of memory and sometimes of speech; May be associated with emotional instability and inappropriate behaviour; Movements cease during sleep; Recovery takes place in 2 to 6 months; Besides in rheumatic fever, it has also been reported in association with hyperthyroidism, systemic lupus erythematosus and some other common erythemas; The term Chorea Saint Viti was originally used for dancing mania, a form of hysteria common in Europe in the 15th and 16th century; The dancing mania became known as chorea magna, and Sydenham’s disease as chorea minor – Sydenham’s chorea------------[whonamedit_com 2005]-------

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