Disease Information for Cerebral palsy: Definition

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  • A heterogeneous group of nonprogressive motor disorders caused by chronic brain injuries that originate in the prenatal period, perinatal period, or first few years of life; The four major subtypes are spastic, athetoid, ataxic, and mixed cerebral palsy, with spastic forms being the most common; The motor disorder may range from difficulties with fine motor control to severe spasticity (see MUSCLE SPASTICITY) in all limbs; Spastic diplegia (Little disease) is the most common subtype, and is characterized by spasticity that is more prominent in the legs than in the arms; Pathologically, this condition may be associated with LEUKOMALACIA, PERIVENTRICULAR-----(From Dev Med Child Neurol 1998 Aug;40(8):520-7)-----------

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