- Differential Diagnosis
- Try building your search one term at a time, and be as specific as you can! Search term example: "chronic cough".
- Do not enter multiple findings such as "anemia, chronic cough, weight loss, vomiting" all at the same time.
- After selecting your term from the search results a list of possible diagnoses will be generated. If the list is too long, you will be able to narrow it down by entering additional terms.
- Do not enter values such as "heart rhythm 110" or "sodium 125", instead use "tachycardia" or "hyponatremia".
- Disease Information
- Disease Comparison
Disease Processes ▼
- Auto Immune
- Infected Organ-Abcess
- Infectious agent
- Poison Agent
- Poisoned Organ
- Structural-Anatomic-Foreign body
- Surgical Procedure-Complication
Major Organs-Systems ▼
- Nervous & Sensory System (Neurology)
- Cardiovascular System
- Respiratory (Pulmonary) System
- Gastro-Intestinal (Digestive) System
- Urinary System
- Dermatologic System
- Endocrine System
- Immune System
- Musculoskeletal System
- Genital Reproductive System
- Hematopoietic System (Hematology)
- Lymphatic System
Disease Information for Benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH): Definition
Available only to registered users.
- 114 possible findings found
- Clinical Manifestations (42)
- Demographics & Risk Factors (10)
- Laboratory Tests (9)
- Diagnostic Test Results (10)
- Associated Diseases & Rule outs (23)
- Disease Mechanism & Classification (6)
- Treatment (14)
- External Links Related to Benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH)
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) also known as Nodular hyperplasia, Benign prostatic hypertrophy or Benign enlargement of the prostate (BEP) refers to the increase in size of the prostate in middle-aged and elderly men; To be accurate, the process is one of hyperplasia rather than hypertrophy, but the nomenclature is often interchangeable, even amongst urologists; It is characterized by hyperplasia of prostatic stromal and epithelial cells, resulting in the formation of large, fairly discrete nodules in the periurethral region of the prostate; When sufficiently large, the nodules compress the urethral canal to cause partial, or sometimes virtually complete, obstruction of the urethra which interferes the normal flow of urine; It leads to symptoms of urinary hesitancy, frequent urination, increased risk of urinary tract infections and urinary retention; Although prostate specific antigen levels may be elevated in these patients, because of increased organ volume and inflammation due to urinary tract infections, BPH is not considered to be a premalignant lesion; Benign prostatic hyperplasia symptoms are classified as obstructive or irritative; Obstructive symptoms include hesitancy, intermittency, incomplete voiding, weak urinary stream, and straining; Irritative symptoms include frequency of urination, which is called nocturia when occurring at night time, and urgency (compelling need to void that can not be deferred); These obstructive and irritative symptoms are evaluated using the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) questionnaire, designed to assess the severity of BPH.;
BPH can be a progressive disease, especially if left untreated; Incomplete voiding results in stasis of bacteria in the bladder residue and an increased risk of urinary tract infections; Urinary bladder stones, are formed from the crystallisation of salts in the residual urine; Urinary retention, termed acute or chronic, is another form of progression; Acute urinary retention is the inability to void, while in chronic urinary retention the residual urinary volume gradually increases, and the bladder distends; Some patients who suffer from chronic urinary retention may eventually progress to renal failure, a condition termed obstructive uropathy.
Rectal examination (palpation of the prostate through the rectum) may reveal a markedly enlarged prostate; Often, blood tests are performed to rule out prostatic malignancy: elevated prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels needs further investigations such as reinterpretation of PSA results, in terms of PSA density and PSA free percentage, rectal examination and transrectal ultrasonography; These combined measures can provide early cancer detection; Ultrasound examination of the testicles, prostate and kidneys is often performed, again to rule out malignancy and hydronephrosis; More than half of the men in the United States between the ages of 60 and 70 and as many as 90% between the ages of 70 and 90 have symptoms of BPH; For some men, the symptoms may be severe enough to require treatment------------------------------------[Wikipedia Website 2007]------------------------.