Disease Information for Cretinism

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Clinical Manifestations
Signs & Symptoms
Edema Children
Particular physiognomy/Odd looking kids
Craniofacial Abnormalities/Congenital
Facial edema/swelling
Facial expression dull/Dull facies
Facies particular
Slow pulse/Bradycardia
Coarsening hair
Coarsening skin
Dry brittle hair/Lank lifeless hair
Hair coarse/stiff
Enlarged thyroid gland
Enlarged Thyroid Gland in Children
Stunted growth
Thyromegaly/Symmetric enlargement
Constipation Children
Failure to Thrive
Failure to Thrive Child
Poor weight gain/child
Large tongue/macroglossia
Prolapsing tongue
Delay Sitting Unsupported Infant
Head Lag Infant Sign
Neck weakness/head nodding
Rolling Over Delay Infant
Cognitive defect
Delayed speech/language development
Delayed walking milestone/child
Development Motor Skills (Milestones) Delayed
Developmental milestones delayed
Head Neck Floppy Infant Hypotonia Sign
Hyporeflexia/DTRs decreased
Mental Deficiency Child
Weak reflexes
Macrocephaly/Large head
Megalocephaly
Infant Abnormal Cry/Quality
Snoring
Chronic Low Body Temperature
Coarsened facial features
Dysmorphic appearance/face
Low body temperature
Neonatal edema/anasarca
Short stature
Short stature Child
Clinical Presentation & Variations
Anemia in Children
Presentation/Multiple deformities newborn (odd look)
PVT/Anemia in an Infant
Disease Progression
Course/Chronic disorder
Course/Chronic only
Demographics & Risk Factors
Population Group
Child
Population/Pediatrics population
Family History
Family history/Thyroid disease
Sex & Age Groups
Population/Child
Population/Child-Infant Only
Population/Children/all
Laboratory Tests
Abnormal Lab Findings - Decreased
Free T4 (Lab)
FTI/Free Thyroxin Index (Lab)
Tri-iodothyronine/T3 as Resin Uptake (Lab)
Abnormal Lab Findings - Increased
MCV/Mean Corpuscular Volume (Lab)
Thyroid binding Inhibitory immunoglobulin (TBII) (Lab)
TSH/Thyroid stimulating hormone (Lab)
Diagnostic Test Results
Isotope Scan
Isotope/Thyroid Scan Abnormal
Isotope/Thyroid Scan/Perchlorate flushing positive
EKG (ECG)
EKG/Sinus bradycardia (ECG)
X-RAY
Xray/Soft tissue lateral neck/large tongue
Xray/Delayed fontanelle closure
Xray/Delayed bone age/slow epiphysis closures
Xray/Delayed cranial ossification in a child/Head
Associated Diseases & Rule outs
Associated Disease & Complications
Anemia
Anemia in a Baby/Young child
Cretinism/congenital hypothyroidism
Deafness
Developmental neurologic degeneration/child
Growth retardation/failure
Hypoglycemia
Hypoglycemia, infantile
Hypometabolic state
Hypothermia, accidental/exposure
Mental retardation
Microcephaly/oligophrenia
Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia
Neonatal Hypotonia/Floppy Baby Syndrome
Sinus bradycardia
Disease Mechanism & Classification
Class
CLASS/Endocrine gland (category)
CLASS/Thyroid gland disorder (ex)
Pathophysiology
Pathophysiology/Defective thyroid hormone biosynthesis
Pathophysiology/Enzyme defect/thyroid metabolism
Pathophysiology/Impaired peripheral sensitivity, thyroid
Pathophysiology/TSH excess secretion
Pathophysiology/Metabolic rate Decreased
Process
PROCESS/Congenital/developmental (category)
PROCESS/Endocrine/humoral disorders (category)
PROCESS/Multiple dysmorphic syndrome (ex)
PROCESS/Vegetative-Autonomic/Endocrine (category)
PROCESS/Dwarfism/miscellaneous skeletal dis (ex)
PROCESS/Dystostosis/craniofacial (ex)
Definition

A condition due to congenital lack of thyroid hormone, marked by arrested physical and mental development, dystrophy of the bones and soft parts, and lowered basal metabolism. It is the congenital form of thyroid deficiency, while MYXEDEMA is the acquired form. (From Dorland, 27th ed)

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External Links Related to Cretinism
Google
Wikipedia
Merck
Images
PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
NGC (National Guideline Clearinghouse)
Medscape (eMedicine)
Harrison's Online (accessmedicine)
NEJM (The New England Journal of Medicine)
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