Disease Information for Coma

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Clinical Manifestations
Signs & Symptoms
Bulla/bullous rash
Bullous lesion/local
Vesicobullous rashes
Absent deep tendon reflexes
Absent focal neurologic signs/expected
Babinski's upgoing toes/bilateral
Coma/infant or newborn
Obtunded/poorly responsive status/signs
Unable to waken patient/sign
Unconscious/Narcosis status
Unresponsive to painful stimuli
Cheyne-Stokes respiration
Expiratory stridor or stertor
Irregular Respirations/Dyskinesia
Shallow breathing
Stertorous breathing/Outflow croup
Snoring
Absent corneal reflex/bilateral
Corneal dryness/irritation
Dry eyes/poor tearing
Dryness Conjunctiva
Dysconjugate eye movement
Eye symptoms/signs
Grainy/Gritty Eye Sensation
Mydriasis/wide pupils
Demographics & Risk Factors
Established Disease Population
Patient/Trauma effect/occult injury
Patient/Hypothyroidism (myxedema)
Patient/Unconscious
Sex & Age Groups
Population/Child-Infant Only
Laboratory Tests
Abnormal Lab Findings - Decreased
pO2, arterial blood (Lab)
Diagnostic Test Results
X-RAY
Xray/Atelectasis/Chest
Associated Diseases & Rule outs
Associated Disease & Complications
Atelectasis, pulmonary
Central respiratory drive depression
Coma in Children
Coma/Unconscious
Decubitus ulcer/Bedsores
Hypercapnea Hypercarbia
Hypothermia, accidental/exposure
Pneumonia, aspiration
Pneumonia, pneumococcal
Ineffective Cough or Reflex
Disease Mechanism & Classification
Class
CLASS/Neurologic (category)
Pathophysiology
Pathophysiology/CNS Respiratory Drive Center Suppressed
Pathophysiology/Insensitive respiratory drive center
Pathophysiology/Opportunistic pneumonia
Process
PROCESS/Reference organ/system (category)
Treatment
Drug Therapy - Contraindication
RX/Ipecac/Emetic
Drug Therapy - Indication
RX/Hydration
Other Treatments
TX/Endotracheal airway.
TX/Intensive care management
Definition

A profound state of unconsciousness associated with depressed cerebral activity from which the individual cannot be aroused. Coma generally occurs when there is dysfunction or injury involving both cerebral hemispheres or the brain stem RETICULAR FORMATION.

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External Links Related to Coma
Google
Wikipedia
Merck
Images
PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
NGC (National Guideline Clearinghouse)
Medscape (eMedicine)
Harrison's Online (accessmedicine)
NEJM (The New England Journal of Medicine)
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