Disease Information for Brain stem infarct

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Clinical Manifestations
Signs & Symptoms
Hypertonia
Altered mental status Mental status change
Babinski's upgoing toes/bilateral
Cranial nerve abnormalities/involvement/signs
Dizziness/Dizzy
Dysconjugate gaze
Facial Nerve Palsy/Facial Paralysis
Facial weakness/droop, unilateral
Fixed vertical gaze
Legs increased tone/spastic/hyperreflexic
Loss doll's eye reflexes/sign
Nystagmus
Nystagmus, Monocular
Nystagmus, pendular
Obtunded/poorly responsive status/signs
Paralysis
Sudden unconsciousness
Unconscious/Narcosis status
Vertigo
Biots apneustic/cluster/ataxic breathing
Bradypnea Decreased respiratory rate
Periodic breathing/apnea episodes
Acutely ill patient/signs
Difficulty Focusing Eyes
Diplopia Double vision
Double Image Vision Confirmed
Dysconjugate eye movement
Locked in/eye movement signs
Miosis/narrow pupils
Narrow pupil/unilateral
True Vertigo Sign Confirmed
Typical Clinical Presentation
Coma with normal Head CT Scan
Clinical Presentation & Variations
Presentation/Unwakable in Morning Coma
Disease Progression
Course/Acute
Course/Acute only
Course/Catastrophic presentation/onset
Demographics & Risk Factors
Established Disease Population
Patient/Arteriosclerosis
Laboratory Tests
Abnormal Lab Findings - Increased
CPK/CK/Creatine kinase/Creatine phosphokinase (Lab)
Diagnostic Test Results
Other Tests & Procedures
TEST/Caloric/nystagmus/challenge abnormal
Electrodiagnosis
EEG/Evoked Potential Responses Abnormal
EEG/Visual evoked response/abnormality
Electronystagmography Abnormal
TEST/Auditory brainstem response/abnormal/ABS response
CT Scan
CT Scan/Head Brain Abnormality
CT Scan/Head brain stem lesion
MRI/Head Scan Abnormal
MRI/Head scan Brain stem lesion
Angiography
Angios/Cerebral abnormal
Associated Diseases & Rule outs
Rule Outs
Botulism
Associated Disease & Complications
Acidosis, respiratory
Akinetic mutism syndrome
Bells palsy/Facial nerve paralysis
Brain stem lesion
Central respiratory drive depression
Cerebral hemorrhage
Coma/Unconscious
CVA Vascular disorders causes
Facial nerve palsy/secondary
Gastroparesis/atony
Horner's syndrome
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia syndrome
Mutism
Ophthalmoplegia
Paralysis/soft palate
Pontine hemorrhage
Vegetative state/status
Vocal cord paralysis
Gastropathy Atonic
Cervical Sympathetics Lesion
Facial Paralysis
Disease Mechanism & Classification
Class
CLASS/Brain stem involvement/disorder (ex)
CLASS/Neurologic (category)
Pathophysiology
Pathophysiology/CNS Respiratory Drive Center Suppressed
Pathophysiology/Reticular Activating System/PAS
Pathophysiology/Insensitive respiratory drive center
Process
PROCESS/Arteriosclerosis/vascular/venous (category)
PROCESS/Ischemic process (ex)
PROCESS/Structural/anatomic/foreign body (category)
Synonyms
Synonym
Brain stem infarct, Brain stem infarction, Brain stem infarction (disorder), Brain Stem Infarctions, Brainstem Infarct, Brainstem infarction, Brainstem infarction (disorder), Brainstem Infarctions, Brainstem Stroke, INFARCT BRAIN STEM, INFARCT BRAINSTEM, Infarction Brain Stem, Infarction Brainstem, Infarctions Brain Stem, Infarctions Brainstem, Stroke Brainstem, Synonym/Artery of Percheron Stroke/RAS lesion
Definition

Infarctions that occur in the brain stem which is comprised of the midbrain, pons, and medulla. There are several named syndromes characterized by their distinctive clinical manifestations and specific sites of ischemic injury.

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External Links Related to Brain stem infarct
Google
Wikipedia
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PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
NGC (National Guideline Clearinghouse)
Medscape (eMedicine)
Harrison's Online (accessmedicine)
NEJM (The New England Journal of Medicine)
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