Disease Information for Brain stem herniation/peduncle/tonsils

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Clinical Manifestations
Signs & Symptoms
High blood pressure/sign
Low Blood Pressure
Signs of Poor Perfusion
Slow pulse/Bradycardia
Systolic hypertension/diastolic normal
Nausea
Relentless vomiting/retching/purging
Vomiting
Altered mental status Mental status change
Babinski's upgoing toes/bilateral
CNS symptoms/signs
Decerebrate posture
Decorticate posture
Dilated pupil unilateral
Dilated unilateral/poorly reactive pupil
Loss doll's eye reflexes/sign
Obtunded/poorly responsive status/signs
Opisthotonus
Papilledema on exam
Pupils non reactive
Sudden unconsciousness
Unconscious/Narcosis status
Unresponsive to painful stimuli
Agonal respiration
Biots apneustic/cluster/ataxic breathing
Bradypnea Decreased respiratory rate
Hypoventilation Signs
Irregular Respirations/Dyskinesia
Periodic breathing/apnea episodes
Anisocoria
Blurred Optic Disk Margin
Lateral gaze weakness
Miosis/narrow pupils
Mydriasis/wide pupils
Pupil Abnormal/Signs
Retinal fundus congested/edematous (eye)/sign
Unequal pupils
Clinical Presentation & Variations
Presentation/Unwakable in Morning Coma
Disease Progression
Course/Acute
Course/Acute only
Course/Catastrophic presentation/onset
Course/Lethal
Course/Potentially lethal/untreated
Lethal Potential
Diagnostic Test Results
EKG (ECG)
EKG/Sinus bradycardia (ECG)
EKG/Sinus pause (ECG)
CT Scan
CT Scan/Head Brain Abnormality
CT Scan/Head brain stem lesion
MRI/Head Brain Abnormal
MRI/Head cerebellar tonsils/medulla herniated out FM
MRI/Head scan Brain stem lesion
Associated Diseases & Rule outs
Associated Disease & Complications
Acidosis, respiratory
Acute respiratory failure/Respiratory arrest
Apnea
Brady-arrhythmia
Brain dead/status
Brain stem lesion
Central respiratory drive depression
Coma in Children
Coma/Unconscious
Death Outcome
Death/Unanticipated
Herniation/Brainstem/peduncles/cerebellar tonsils
Hypotension
Hypoventilation, alveolar
Respiratory failure/Pulmonary insufficiency
Shock
Disease Mechanism & Classification
Class
CLASS/Brain stem involvement/disorder (ex)
CLASS/Brain/CNS disorder (ex)
CLASS/Neurologic (category)
Pathophysiology
Pathophysiology/Obstruction fourth ventricle/CNS
Pathophysiology/CNS Respiratory Drive Center Suppressed
Pathophysiology/Hydrocephalus/Non-communicating
Pathophysiology/Reticular Activating System/PAS
Pathophysiology/Insensitive respiratory drive center
Pathophysiology/Lung Hypoventilation
Process
PROCESS/Complicating disorder (ex)
PROCESS/Hernia (ex)
PROCESS/Structural/anatomic/foreign body (category)
Synonyms
Synonym
Brain stem herniation, Brain stem herniation (disorder), Herniation brain stem, Herniation of brain stem, Herniation of brainstem, Medullary cone, Synonym/Cerebellar tonsils/herniation foramen magnum, Synonym/Herniated cerebral peduncles, Synonym/Transtentorial herniation
Treatment
Drug Therapy - Indication
RX/Corticosteroid (Cortisone)
RX/Dexamethasone (Decadron)
RX/Mannitol (Osmotrol)
RX/Osmotic diuretic
SX/Craniotomy
Other Treatments
TX/Induced hyperventilation
Definition
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External Links Related to Brain stem herniation/peduncle/tonsils
Google
Wikipedia
Merck
Images
PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
NGC (National Guideline Clearinghouse)
Medscape (eMedicine)
Harrison's Online (accessmedicine)
NEJM (The New England Journal of Medicine)
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