Disease Information for Basilar skull fracture

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Clinical Manifestations
Signs & Symptoms
Pain Swelling Neck Posterior One side
Pain/swelling occiput area
Acute ataxia
Cranial nerve abnormalities/involvement/signs
Dizziness/Dizzy
Headache/pain, basioccipital
Occipital Headache
Staggering Gait
Vertigo
Anosmia/Loss of sense of smell
Nerve deafness, recent onset
Acute Hearing Loss
Bleeding from ear
Blood behind eardrum/sign
Edema/swelling mastoid area
Otorrhea/draining ear
Postauricular Swelling Edema
Red eardrum
Sudden deafness
Unilateral sudden deafness
Disease Progression
Course/Acute
Course/Acute only
Demographics & Risk Factors
Established Disease Population
Patient/Head trauma
Event, Activity, Behavioral & Seasonal Factors
Activity/Sports/athletic competition/contact event
Diagnostic Test Results
Other Tests & Procedures
TEST/Canal paresis/Barany test/abnormal
X-RAY
Xray/Skull Air or gas shadows
Xray/Skull abnormality
Associated Diseases & Rule outs
Rule Outs
Acoustic neuroma
Mastoiditis
Associated Disease & Complications
Basilar skull fracture
Brain stem lesion
Central diabetes insipidus
Deafness
Deafness, sensorineural
Diabetes insipidus
Facial nerve palsy/secondary
Jugular foramen syndrome
Labyrinthe fistula
Meningitis Bacterial
Vagus/Xth nerve palsy
Ataxia Disorder
Facial Paralysis
Deafness Acquired
Disease Mechanism & Classification
Class
CLASS/Skeletal (category)
CLASS/Skull disorder (ex)
Process
PROCESS/Trauma (category)
PROCESS/Fractures (ex)
Treatment
Surgical Procedures or Treatments
TX/Restrict Activities
Definition

Fractures which extend through the base of the SKULL, usually involving the PETROUS BONE. Battle's sign (characterized by skin discoloration due to extravasation of blood into the subcutaneous tissue behind the ear and over the mastoid process), CRANIAL NEUROPATHIES, TRAUMATIC; CAROTID-CAVERNOUS SINUS FISTULA; and CEREBROSPINAL FLUID OTORRHEA are relatively frequent sequelae of this condition. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p876)

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External Links Related to Basilar skull fracture
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PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
NGC (National Guideline Clearinghouse)
Medscape (eMedicine)
Harrison's Online (accessmedicine)
NEJM (The New England Journal of Medicine)
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