Disease Information for Atypical mycobacteria

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Clinical Manifestations
Signs & Symptoms
Head and Neck Soft Tissue Mass
Lump in Cervical Area
Neck Mass
Unilateral cervical adenopathy
Parotid swelling
Salivary Gland Enlargement
Cervical adenopathy
Cervical adenopathy/unilateral
Fluctuant Adenitis/adenopathy
Cough
Cough/persisting after acute/subacute
Dullness to percussion lung base
Localized decreased breath sounds
Localized dullness to percussion
Lung signs/abnormality
Fever of unknown origin/chronic fever
Malaise
Typical Clinical Presentation
Presentation/Splenomegaly/dialysis patient
Clinical Presentation & Variations
Immune Deficient with Pulmonary Infiltrates
AIDS with Fever
Disease Progression
Course/Chronic disorder
Course/Chronic only
Demographics & Risk Factors
Exposure Factors
Exposure/Cattle/reservoir/vector
Exposure/Hot tubs
Ethnic or Racial Factors
Population Caucasian/White
Established Disease Population
Patient/Immune compromised/Immune suppressed
Sex & Age Groups
Population/Male
Laboratory Tests
Microbiology & Serology Findings
Microlab/Culture slow relatively
Microlab/Acid fast bacteria/specimen
Diagnostic Test Results
Pathology
BX/Liver biopsy/Granulomas in liver
BX/Synovial/Granulomatous arthritis
PATH/Granulomatous tissue/specimen
CT Scan
CT Scan/Lung Mass
X-RAY
Xray/Chest abnormal
Xray/Bilateral upper lobe fibrous streaking/Chest
Xray/Cavitation/Cavitary lung lesion/Chest
Xray/Chest/Lung fields/Abnormal
Xray/Multiple cavitary lesions of lungs/Chest
Xray/Pulmonary infiltrate Immune deficiency/Chest
Ultrasound
Echo/Pulmonary artery hypertension
Associated Diseases & Rule outs
Rule Outs
Osteoarticular Sporotrichosis
Pneumonia, abscessing staphylococcal
Tuberculosis, pulmonary
Associated Disease & Complications
Aspergillosis, mycetoma type, pulmonary
Cervical adenitis/abscess
Granulomatous liver/hepatitis syndrome
Hemothorax
Lymphangitis
Mastoiditis
Mycobacteria, atypical, pulmonary
Necrotizing infections
Necrotizing pneumonia/Lung infection
Pneumonia
Pneumonia, bacterial
Pneumonia, unresolved/Chronic
Pneumonia/Bronchopneumonia
Pulmonary hypertension
Chronic Lymphadenitis
Mass in Lung
Disease Mechanism & Classification
Specific Agent
AGENT/Acid-fast bacteria (category)
AGENT/Epizootic disease (ex)
AGENT/Mycobacterium (ex)
AGENT/Mycobacterium/Non-pathogenic guinea pig
AGENT/Non-motile bacteria (example)
Pathophysiology
Pathophysiology/Granulomatous Infection
Pathophysiology/Granulomatous liver disease
Process
PROCESS/Infection/agent specific (category)
PROCESS/Inflammatory/Granulomatous disease (ex)
PROCESS/Atypical pneumonia syndrome (ex)
PROCESS/Granulomatous Disease
Treatment
Drug Therapy - Indication
RX/Antibiotic
RX/Ethionamide
RX/Isoniazide (INH)
Definition

So-called atypical species of the genus MYCOBACTERIUM; They are also called tuberculoid bacilli, M buruli (see M ULCERANS), M CHELONAE, M duvalii, M flavescens, M FORTUITUM, M gilvum, M gordonae, M intracellulare (see MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM COMPLEX), M KANSASII, M MARINUM, M obuense, M SCROFULACEUM, M szulgai, M terrae, M ULCERANS, M XENOPI; The usual infection is pulmonary as less aggressive pulmonary tuberculosis but with more resistance to usual drugs; treatment is with prolonged combination therapy often empiric

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External Links Related to Atypical mycobacteria
Google
Wikipedia
Merck
Images
PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
NGC (National Guideline Clearinghouse)
Medscape (eMedicine)
Harrison's Online (accessmedicine)
NEJM (The New England Journal of Medicine)
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