Disease Information for Atypical mycobacteria, disseminated

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Clinical Manifestations
Signs & Symptoms
Tachycardia/Fast heart rate
Hyperhidrosis/Chronic sweating excess
Sweating Excess Perspiration
Cervical adenopathy
Chills
Fever
Fever Febrile Possible
Flu-Like Syndrome
High body temperature
Malaise
Weight Loss
Clinical Presentation & Variations
Presentation/AIDS Abnormal Chest Xray
AIDS with Fever
Disease Progression
Course/Acute
Course/Chronic disorder
Course/Potentially lethal/untreated
Lethal Potential
Demographics & Risk Factors
Exposure Factors
Exposure/Cattle/reservoir/vector
Established Disease Population
Patient/AIDS established population
Patient/Immune compromised/Immune suppressed
Sex & Age Groups
Population/Male
Laboratory Tests
Microbiology & Serology Findings
Microlab/Culture slow relatively
Microlab/Acid fast bacteria/specimen
Microlab/Mycobacterium kansasii isolation
Abnormal Lab Findings (Non Measured)
Acute inflammatory markers elevated (Lab)
Diagnostic Test Results
Pathology
BX/Liver biopsy/Granulomas in liver
PATH/Granulomatous tissue/specimen
X-RAY
Xray/Chest abnormal
Xray/Chest/Lung fields/Abnormal
Xray/Hilar adenopathy, unilateral/Chest
Xray/Pulmonary infiltrate Immune deficiency/Chest
Associated Diseases & Rule outs
Associated Disease & Complications
Death Outcome
Disseminated intravascular coagulation
Granulomatous liver/hepatitis syndrome
Interstitial lung involvement/manifestation
Myelophthisic anemia
Multiple organ System Failure
Disease Mechanism & Classification
Specific Agent
AGENT/Acid-fast bacteria (category)
AGENT/Mycobacterium (ex)
AGENT/Mycobacterium/Non-pathogenic guinea pig
AGENT/Non-motile bacteria (example)
Class
CLASS/Systemic/no comment (category)
Pathophysiology
Pathophysiology/Granulomatous Infection
Pathophysiology/Granulomatous liver disease
Process
PROCESS/Infection/agent specific (category)
PROCESS/Inflammatory/Granulomatous disease (ex)
PROCESS/Granulomatous Disease
Treatment
Drug Therapy - Indication
RX/Antibiotic
RX/Ethionamide
RX/Isoniazide (INH)
Other Treatments
TX/Platelet transfusion
Definition

So-called atypical species of the genus MYCOBACTERIUM; They are also called tuberculoid bacilli, M buruli (see M ULCERANS), M CHELONAE, M duvalii, M flavescens, M FORTUITUM, M gilvum, M gordonae, M intracellulare (see MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM COMPLEX), M KANSASII, M MARINUM, M obuense, M SCROFULACEUM, M szulgai, M terrae, M ULCERANS, M XENOPI; The usual infection is pulmonary as less aggressive pulmonary tuberculosis but with more resistance to usual drugs; treatment is with prolonged combination therapy often empiric; disseminated atypical mycobacteria usually occurs with immune deficiency (AIDS-HIV) and with the pulmonary subgroup (m Kansii, m scrofulosa, m fortuitum and m ulcerans

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External Links Related to Atypical mycobacteria, disseminated
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NGC (National Guideline Clearinghouse)
Medscape (eMedicine)
Harrison's Online (accessmedicine)
NEJM (The New England Journal of Medicine)
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