Disease Information for Arthrogryposis, multiplex, congenita

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Clinical Manifestations
Signs & Symptoms
Contractures/hands/wrist
Flexion contractures/extremities
Stiffness
Arthritis Children
Bending of wrists and fingers
Decreased ankle range of motion
Foot deformity
Heels inwardly bent
Hyperextended elbows
Inward rotation of shoulders
Joint exam/signs
Joint/limit range of motion
Limitation motion/elbow
Skeletal problems/symptoms/signs
Stiffness of joints
Short stature
Short stature Child
Disease Progression
Course/Chronic disorder
Course/Chronic only
Demographics & Risk Factors
Population Group
Child
Population/Pediatrics population
Sex & Age Groups
Population/Child
Population/Child-Infant Only
Population/Children/all
Associated Diseases & Rule outs
Rule Outs
Joint contractures
Associated Disease & Complications
Ankle contracture
Arthrogryposis, multiplex, congenita
Clubbed foot/congenital
Hip contracture
Joint contractures
Limb deformities/anomalies
Disease Mechanism & Classification
Class
CLASS/Pediatric disorders (ex)
CLASS/Joint disorder (ex).
CLASS/Skeletal (category)
Pathophysiology
Pathophysiology/Fetal Crowding effect
Process
PROCESS/Congenital/developmental (category)
PROCESS/Hereditary/Non hereditory sets
PROCESS/Anomalies/Deformities/Malformations (EX)
PROCESS/Dwarfism/miscellaneous skeletal dis (ex)
Synonyms
Synonym
AMC, AMC Arthrogryp multi congeni, AMC Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, AMYOPLASIA CONGEN, amyoplasia congenita, Arthrogryp multiplex congenita, Arthrogryposes, ARTHROGRYPOSIS, Arthrogryposis ((multiplex congenita)), Arthrogryposis (disorder), arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC), Arthrogryposis unspecified, Arthrogryposis unspecified (disorder), ARTHROMYODYSPLASIA CONGEN, Arthromyodysplasia Congenital, Arthromyodysplasias Congenital, Classic arthrogryposis, CONGEN ARTHROMYODYSPLASIA, Congenital arthromyodysplasia, Congenital Arthromyodysplasias, congenital arthromyodysplastic syndrome, congenital contractures of extremities, Congenital multiple arthrogryposis, Congenital multiplex arthrogryposis, Guerin Stern, Guerin Stern Syndrome, Guerin Stern syndrome (disorder), multiple congenital contractures, multiplex congenita arthrogryposis, myodysplasia fibrosa multiplex, myodysplasia foetalis deformans, Myodystrophia fetalis deformans, Myodystrophia foetalis deformans, Myophagism congenita, neuro arthromyodysplasia, Otto syndrome, Rocher Sheldon syndrome, Rossi syndrome, Rossi's syndrome, Syndrome Guerin Stern, Synonym/Bonnevie-Ullrich syndrome, Synonym/Congenital Muscular Dystrophy, Synonym/Multiple pterygium syndrome, Synonym/Pterygium syndrome
Definition

Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita; AMC; Congenital Multiple Arthrogryposis; Fibrous Ankylosis of Multiple Joints; Also Amyoplasia Congenita; Guerin-Stern Syndrome;

Myopathic Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita;

Neurogenic Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita

Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita, a rare disorder that is present at birth (congenital), is characterized by reduced mobility of many joints of the body; Impairment of mobility is due to the overgrowth (proliferation) of fibrous tissue in the joints (fibrous ankylosis); There are many different types of Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita and the symptoms vary widely among affected individuals; In the most common form of Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita, the range of motion of the joints in the arms and legs (limbs) is limited or fixed; Other findings may include inward rotation of the shoulders, abnormal extension of the elbows, and bending of the wrists and fingers; In addition, the hips may be dislocated and the heels of the feet may be inwardly bent from the midline of the leg while the feet are inwardly bent at the ankle (clubfoot); The cause of Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita (AMC) is unknown; Most types of Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita are not inherited; however, a rare autosomal recessive form of the disease has been reported in one large inbred Arabic kindred in Israel-----[NORD 2005]-----------

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