Disease Information for AIDS Dementia

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Clinical Manifestations
Signs & Symptoms
Failure to Thrive
Cognitive defect
Developmental milestones delayed
Executive function loss/apathy/inertia
Paucity of ideas/conversation
Rapidly progressive dementia
Short term memory loss
Hallucination/visual
Low Frustration tolerance Adult
Poverty of thought
Urinary Incontinence in Elderly
Constitutional symptoms
Clinical Presentation & Variations
AIDS with Altered Mental State
AIDS with Neurologic Manifestations
HIV AIDS with Cognitive Decline
Disease Progression
Course/Chronic disorder
Laboratory Tests
Microbiology & Serology Findings
SALIVA Rapid HIV antibody test/abnormal
SUDS test (Rapid HIV antibody)/blood positive (labs)
URINE Rapid HIV antibody test/abnormal
Microlab/PCR CSF antigen/abnormal
Abnormal Lab Findings (Non Measured)
Right Shift (Viral) Differential Smear (Lab)
CSF Immunoelectrophoresis abnormal
Abnormal Lab Findings - Increased
HIV/Viral RNA/Plasma copies/quantitative (Lab)
CSF IGG
CSF Oligoclonal banding immunoelectroelectrophoresis
CSF/Beta 2 Microglobulin
Associated Diseases & Rule outs
Rule Outs
Alcohol amnestic disorder
Cryptococcal meningitis
Normal pressure hydrocephalus
Associated Disease & Complications
AIDS Dementia
Amnesia
CNS disease/involvement
Dementia
Depression
Hallucinations
Psychosis
Secondary Psychosis/Symptomatic
Ineffective Cough or Reflex
Disease Mechanism & Classification
Specific Agent
AGENT/Virus (category)
Class
CLASS/Neurologic (category)
Pathophysiology
Pathophysiology/Cytokine gene polymorphism
Pathophysiology/Genomic indentifiers (polymorphism/snip/mutations)
Process
PROCESS/Complicating/Specific process disorder (ex)
PROCESS/Infection/agent specific (category)
Definition

A neurologic condition associated with the HIV/aquired immune deficiency syndrome and characterized by impaired concentration and memory, slowness of hand movements, ATAXIA, incontinence, apathy, and gait difficulties associated with HIV-1 viral infection of the central nervous system; Pathologic examination of the brain reveals white matter rarefication, perivascular infiltrates of lymphocytes, foamy macrophages, and multinucleated giant cells;(From Adams, Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp760-1; N Engl J Med, 1995 Apr 6;332(14):934-40)

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External Links Related to AIDS Dementia
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Wikipedia
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PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
NGC (National Guideline Clearinghouse)
Medscape (eMedicine)
Harrison's Online (accessmedicine)
NEJM (The New England Journal of Medicine)
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