Disease Information for Acrocephalopolysyndactyly (Pfeiffer I)

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Clinical Manifestations
Signs & Symptoms
Particular physiognomy/Odd looking kids
Craniofacial Abnormalities/Congenital
Glossoptosis/Swallowing tongue
Acrocephaly
Asymmetric Limbs
Cranial asymmetry
Dysmorphic appearance/face
Clinical Presentation & Variations
Presentation/Malformations Head Hands Feet
Presentation/Multiple deformities newborn (odd look)
Disease Progression
Course/Chronic disorder
Course/Chronic only
Demographics & Risk Factors
Population Group
Child
Population/Pediatrics population
Family History
Family history/Skeletal malformations
Sex & Age Groups
Population/Child
Population/Child-Infant Only
Population/Children/all
Associated Diseases & Rule outs
Associated Disease & Complications
Acrocephalopolysyndactyly syndrome
Congenital heart disease
Craniosynostosis
Limb deformities/anomalies
Obstructive sleep apnea/Children
Patent ductus arteriosis
Syndactyly/Webbing
Valvular heart disease
Hand anomalies
Disease Mechanism & Classification
Class
CLASS/Faces-cranio online database (ex)
CLASS/Digit disorder (ex)
CLASS/Muscle/tendon/extremities (category)
CLASS/Neurologic (category)
CLASS/Skeletal (category)
Pathophysiology
Pathophysiology/Asymmetric deformities
Pathophysiology/Gene locus 10q26
Pathophysiology/Gene locus 8p11.2-p11.1
Pathophysiology/Gene locus Chromosome 10
Pathophysiology/Gene Locus Identified/OMIM database
Pathophysiology/Genomic indentifiers (polymorphism/snip/mutations)
Pathophysiology/Gene locus chromosome 8
Process
PROCESS/Autosomal recessive disorder (ex)
PROCESS/Congenital/developmental (category)
PROCESS/Hereditary developmental disorder (ex)
PROCESS/Multiple dysmorphic syndrome (ex)
PROCESS/Anomalies/Deformities/Malformations (EX)
PROCESS/Dwarfism/miscellaneous skeletal dis (ex)
PROCESS/Dystostosis/craniofacial (ex)
Synonyms
Synonym
Acrocephalopolysyndactyly, Acrocephalosyndactylia, Acrocephalosyndactylias, Acrocephalosyndactyly, Acrocephalosyndactyly (Apert), Acrocephalosyndactyly (Apert) (disorder), Acrocephalosyndactyly (disorder), Acrocephalosyndactyly syndrome type I, ACROCEPHALOSYNDACTYLY TYPE I, Acroencephalosyndactyly, ACS I, ACS1, APERT SYNDROME, Synonym/Alperts syndrome, Synonym/Classic type Pfeiffer syndrome, Synonym/Noack syndrome, Type I, Synonym/Pfeiffer syndrome, Synonym/Summit syndrome/variant
Definition

Pfeiffer Syndrome Type I; Acrocephalosyndactyly Type I, Subtype I; Acrocephalosyndactyly V (ACS5 or ACS V), Subtype I; Classic Type Pfeiffer Syndrome; Noack Syndrome, Type I; Pfeiffer Syndrome is a very rare genetic disorder characterized by abnormalities of the head and facial (craniofacial) area, distinctive malformations of the fingers and toes (digits), and/or additional physical abnormalities; This disorder, which is also known as Acrocephalosyndactyly Type V, is generally accepted to be the same disorder as Noack Syndrome (or Acrocephalopolysyndactyly Type I); The acrocephalosyndactyly (ACS) disorders are a group of very rare genetic disorders characterized by premature closure of the fibrous joints (cranial sutures) between certain bones of the skull (craniosynostosis), causing the top of the head to appear abnormally pointed (acrocephaly), and webbing or fusion of certain fingers and/or toes (syndactyly); According to the medical literature, researchers have recognized three subtypes of Pfeiffer Syndrome: namely, Pfeiffer Syndrome Types I, II, and III; Major findings that may be associated with all forms of the disorder include premature fusion of certain cranial sutures (craniosynostosis), abnormally broad thumbs and great toes that may bend outward (varus deformity), and syndactyly of certain fingers and toes; The range and severity of associated symptoms and findings may vary greatly from case to case; In most infants with Type I, or Classic Type Pfeiffer Syndrome, craniosynostosis causes the head to appear short and unusually pointed at the top (turribrachycephaly); Affected infants and children typically have craniofacial abnormalities including an unusually high, full forehead; a flattened middle portion of the face (midface hypoplasia); a small nose with a flattened bridge; widely spaced eyes (ocular hypertelorism); an underdeveloped upper jaw (hypoplastic maxilla), causing the lower jaw to appear unusually prominent (relative mandibular prognathism); and/or dental abnormalities; Individuals with Pfeiffer Syndrome Type I also have digital abnormalities including the malformations mentioned above (ie, abnormally broad thumbs and great toes that may bend outward [varus deformity] and syndactyly); Intelligence is usually normal; In some cases, Pfeiffer Syndrome Type I may be due to new genetic changes (mutations) that occur randomly, with no apparent cause (sporadic); In other cases, the disorder may be inherited as an autosomal dominant genetic trait; [NORD 2005]

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External Links Related to Acrocephalopolysyndactyly (Pfeiffer I)
Google
Wikipedia
Merck
Images
PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
NGC (National Guideline Clearinghouse)
Medscape (eMedicine)
Harrison's Online (accessmedicine)
NEJM (The New England Journal of Medicine)
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